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What is marine justice?


  • Jennifer A. Martin

    () (University of California)

  • Summer Gray

    (University of California)

  • Eréndira Aceves-Bueno

    (Duke University
    University of California)

  • Peter Alagona

    (University of California)

  • Tammy L. Elwell

    (University of California)

  • Angela Garcia

    (Arizona State University)

  • Zach Horton

    (University of Pittsburgh)

  • David Lopez-Carr

    (University of California)

  • Jessica Marter-Kenyon

    (University of Georgia)

  • Karly Marie Miller

    (University of California)

  • Christopher Severen

    (Research Department)

  • Teresa Shewry

    (University of California)

  • Becky Twohey

    (The Coral Reef Alliance)


Marine justice is presented as a bridging concept and opportunity for scholars, activists, and policy-makers to combine differing methods of knowledge production and communication to promote and deepen justice in an era of global environmental change, sea level rise, overfishing, ocean acidification, and other coastal and marine issues. We open with an exploration of the historical connections between the study of seascapes and the emergence and development of environmental justice. We then discuss five conceptual domains—space, time, knowledge, participation in decision-making, and enforcement—in which attention to marine environments resonates with and expands environmental justice framings. Using a series of examples to illustrate how environmental justice and marine issues converge in scholarship and activism, we argue that this coming-together of concepts creates new avenues for research and inquiry.

Suggested Citation

  • Jennifer A. Martin & Summer Gray & Eréndira Aceves-Bueno & Peter Alagona & Tammy L. Elwell & Angela Garcia & Zach Horton & David Lopez-Carr & Jessica Marter-Kenyon & Karly Marie Miller & Christopher S, 2019. "What is marine justice?," Journal of Environmental Studies and Sciences, Springer;Association of Environmental Studies and Sciences, vol. 9(2), pages 234-243, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:spr:jenvss:v:9:y:2019:i:2:d:10.1007_s13412-019-00545-0
    DOI: 10.1007/s13412-019-00545-0

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Kahmann, Birte & Stumpf, Klara Helene & Baumgärtner, Stefan, 2015. "Notions of justice held by stakeholders of the Newfoundland fishery," Marine Policy, Elsevier, vol. 62(C), pages 37-50.
    2. Corbett A. Grainger & Christopher Costello, 2016. "Distributional Effects of the Transition to Property Rights for a Common-Pool Resource," Marine Resource Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 31(1), pages 1-26.
    3. Frazão Santos, Catarina & Domingos, Tiago & Ferreira, Maria Adelaide & Orbach, Michael & Andrade, Francisco, 2014. "How sustainable is sustainable marine spatial planning? Part I—Linking the concepts," Marine Policy, Elsevier, vol. 49(C), pages 59-65.
    4. Wise, Sarah P., 2014. "Learning through experience: Non-implementation and the challenges of protected area conservation in The Bahamas," Marine Policy, Elsevier, vol. 46(C), pages 111-118.
    5. James T. Hamilton, 1995. "Testing for environmental racism: Prejudice, profits, political power?," Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 14(1), pages 107-132.
    6. Gustavsson, Madeleine & Lindström, Lars & Jiddawi, Narriman S. & de la Torre-Castro, Maricela, 2014. "Procedural and distributive justice in a community-based managed Marine Protected Area in Zanzibar, Tanzania," Marine Policy, Elsevier, vol. 46(C), pages 91-100.
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