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Ecological inequalities: how to link unequal access to the environment with theories of justice?

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  • Alexandre BERTHE (GREThA, CNRS, UMR 5113)
  • Sylvie FERRARI (GREThA, CNRS, UMR 5113)

Abstract

Within the context of the large depletion of environmental resources, global pollution and damage to the ecosystem, new questions of justice have arisen. Based on this assessment, we present and discuss the usefulness of various conceptions of ecological inequalities. We adapt various theories of justice in order to define ecological inequalities normatively, identifying certain social objectives of ecological justice for the use of economists. We then apply those approaches to the case of a theoretical example based on island submersion in the context of climate change.

Suggested Citation

  • Alexandre BERTHE (GREThA, CNRS, UMR 5113) & Sylvie FERRARI (GREThA, CNRS, UMR 5113), 2012. "Ecological inequalities: how to link unequal access to the environment with theories of justice?," Cahiers du GREThA 2012-17, Groupe de Recherche en Economie Théorique et Appliquée.
  • Handle: RePEc:grt:wpegrt:2012-17
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    File URL: http://cahiersdugretha.u-bordeaux4.fr/2012/2012-17.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Baden, Brett M. & Coursey, Don L., 2002. "The locality of waste sites within the city of Chicago: a demographic, social, and economic analysis," Resource and Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 24(1-2), pages 53-93, February.
    2. James T. Hamilton, 1995. "Testing for environmental racism: Prejudice, profits, political power?," Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 14(1), pages 107-132.
    3. Sen, Amartya, 1997. "On Economic Inequality," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780198292975.
    4. Engelbrecht, Hans-Jürgen, 2009. "Natural capital, subjective well-being, and the new welfare economics of sustainability: Some evidence from cross-country regressions," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 69(2), pages 380-388, December.
    5. Baumgärtner, Stefan & Quaas, Martin, 2010. "What is sustainability economics?," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 69(3), pages 445-450, January.
    6. Laurent, Éloi, 2011. "Issues in environmental justice within the European Union," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 70(11), pages 1846-1853, September.
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    Cited by:

    1. Boukary OUEDRAOGO (CEDRES - Université de Ouaga II) & Sylvie FERRARI (GREThA, CNRS, UMR5113), 2012. "Incidence of forest income in reducing poverty and inequalities:\r\nEvidence from forest dependent households in managed forests’ areas in Burkina Faso," Cahiers du GREThA 2012-28, Groupe de Recherche en Economie Théorique et Appliquée.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Ecological inequality; justice; climate change; sustainability.;

    JEL classification:

    • Q56 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environment and Development; Environment and Trade; Sustainability; Environmental Accounts and Accounting; Environmental Equity; Population Growth
    • D63 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics - - - Equity, Justice, Inequality, and Other Normative Criteria and Measurement

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