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Regional Support for the National Government: Joint Effects of Minimum Income Schemes in Italy


  • Giovanni Gallo

    (National Institute for Public Policies Analysis (INAPP)
    University of Modena and Reggio Emilia


This paper highlights the extent to which minimum income schemes in Italian regions improved the potential targeting and effectiveness of national minimum income measures introduced in 2017 and 2018. By exploiting detailed survey data on the income, wealth and living conditions of Italian households from the IT-SILC survey and applying micro-simulation techniques, I first provide estimates of the overall audience of potential recipients and assess the extent of low-income targeting. I then evaluate the extent to which national and regional minimum income schemes decrease poverty and income inequality indicators (i.e. the headcount ratio, the income gap ratio, the severe material deprivation rate and the Gini index). The results show that regional schemes broaden the set of potential recipients and the coverage rate of national schemes, while they only slightly decrease the incidence and intensity of poverty at the national level. Overall, the presence of complementary regional measures brings the national measure, namely the ‘universal’ Reddito di Inclusione, closer to other European minimum income schemes (using France, Germany and Spain as benchmarks) in terms of benefit adequacy. This provides evidence of the importance of taking into account programme complementarities and multi-level government interventions when evaluating the impacts of national policies.

Suggested Citation

  • Giovanni Gallo, 2021. "Regional Support for the National Government: Joint Effects of Minimum Income Schemes in Italy," Italian Economic Journal: A Continuation of Rivista Italiana degli Economisti and Giornale degli Economisti, Springer;Società Italiana degli Economisti (Italian Economic Association), vol. 7(1), pages 149-185, March.
  • Handle: RePEc:spr:italej:v:7:y:2021:i:1:d:10.1007_s40797-019-00118-8
    DOI: 10.1007/s40797-019-00118-8

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Christopher T. Whelan & Bertrand Maitre, 2009. "Welfare Regime and Social Class Variation in Poverty and Economic Vulnerability in Europe: An Analysis of EU-SILC," Papers WP303, Economic and Social Research Institute (ESRI).
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    More about this item


    Minimum income schemes; Poverty; Inequality; Tax-benefit microsimulation;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • D31 - Microeconomics - - Distribution - - - Personal Income and Wealth Distribution
    • I32 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Measurement and Analysis of Poverty
    • I38 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Government Programs; Provision and Effects of Welfare Programs


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