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Take-up of social assistance benefits: The case of homeless Take-up of Social Assistance Benefits: The Case of Homeless

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  • Sylvain Chareyron

    (ERUDITE - Equipe de Recherche sur l’Utilisation des Données Individuelles en lien avec la Théorie Economique - UPEM - Université Paris-Est Marne-la-Vallée - UPEC UP12 - Université Paris-Est Créteil Val-de-Marne - Paris 12, TEPP - Travail, Emploi et Politiques Publiques - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - UPEM - Université Paris-Est Marne-la-Vallée)

Abstract

A considerable number of studies have been interested in measuring and analyzing the phenomenon of non-take-up. The homeless portion of the population is, however, outside the domain of this research, and little is known about their non-take-up behavior. In this paper, we focus on this particular population using a French national survey. We derive measures of non-take-up for the French social assistance program " base " Active Solidarity Income (RSA). We find a substantial rate of non-take-up among the homeless, although it is significantly less than the general population rate: approximately 17% of eligible homeless persons do not claim benefits compared to 35% of the general population. Using a large set of variables, we investigate the determinants of non-take-up. We show that although some determinants are shared with those identified in the literature on the general population, the homeless population exhibits some particularities. We suggest also that an important effect of desocialization is that it increases non-take-up among the poorest homeless.

Suggested Citation

  • Sylvain Chareyron, 2015. "Take-up of social assistance benefits: The case of homeless Take-up of Social Assistance Benefits: The Case of Homeless," Working Papers hal-01292107, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:wpaper:hal-01292107
    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01292107
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Olivier Bargain & Herwig Immervoll & Heikki Viitamäki, 2012. "No claim, no pain. Measuring the non-take-up of social assistance using register data," The Journal of Economic Inequality, Springer;Society for the Study of Economic Inequality, vol. 10(3), pages 375-395, September.
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    4. Stephen Pudney & Monica Hernandez & Ruth Hancock, 2007. "The welfare cost of means-testing: pensioner participation in income support," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 22(3), pages 581-598.
    5. Virginia Hernanz & Franck Malherbet & Michele Pellizzari, 2004. "Take-Up of Welfare Benefits in OECD Countries: A Review of the Evidence," OECD Social, Employment and Migration Working Papers 17, OECD Publishing.
    6. Rebecca M. Blank & Patricia Ruggles, 1996. "When Do Women Use Aid to Families with Dependent Children and Food Stamps? The Dynamics of Eligibility Versus Participation," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 31(1), pages 57-89.
    7. Sylvain Chareyron, 2014. "Le non-recours au RSA « socle seul » : l’hypothèse du patrimoine," TEPP Research Report 2014-03, TEPP.
    8. Duclos, Jean-Yves, 1997. "Estimating and Testing a Model of Welfare Participation: The Case of Supplementary Benefits in Britain," Economica, London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 64(253), pages 81-100, February.
    9. Kreider, Brent & Nicholson, Sean, 1997. "National Health Insurance and the Homeless," Staff General Research Papers Archive 5134, Iowa State University, Department of Economics.
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    12. Patricia M. Anderson & Bruce D. Meyer, 1997. "Unemployment Insurance Takeup Rates and the After-Tax Value of Benefits," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 112(3), pages 913-937.
    13. Pauline Domingo & Muriel Pucci, 2014. "Impact du non-recours sur l'efficacité du RSA activité seul," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 467(1), pages 117-140.
    14. Scholz, John Karl, 1994. "The Earned Income Credit: Participation, Compliance, and Antipoverty Effectiveness," National Tax Journal, National Tax Association;National Tax Journal, vol. 47(1), pages 63-87, March.
    15. Riphahn, Regina T, 2001. "Rational Poverty or Poor Rationality? The Take-Up Study of Social Assistance Benefits," Review of Income and Wealth, International Association for Research in Income and Wealth, vol. 47(3), pages 379-398, September.
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    Keywords

    Take-up. Social assistance. Poverty. Homeless;

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