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Benefit Take-up and the Geography of Poverty in Scotland

Author

Listed:
  • Glen Bramley
  • Sharon Lancaster
  • David Gordon

Abstract

BRAMLEY G., LANCASTER S. and GORDON D. (2000) Benefit take-up and the geography of poverty in Scotland. Reg. Studies 34 , 507-519. Renewed interest in poverty and social exclusion and the greater availability of welfare benefits information at local and small area level create new opportunities for the analysis of the geography of poverty to inform regeneration and resource allocation policies. However, not all eligible households claim benefits and not all of the poor are eligible for benefits. Through use of a large scale micro survey dataset for Scotland, the relationships between benefit claiming, eligibility and income poverty are examined for different types of area. Marked differences are found in the extent to which benefits are claimed and the coverage of poverty provided by benefit eligibility between elderly and other households and between areas which are more and less affluent. Urban-rural differences are less marked once allowance is made for these other characteristics. A profile is presented of the poor who are not captured by benefit measures. The contemporary geography of poverty in Scotland is described at local authority level using different measures including enhanced benefit-based estimates and proxy-based indicators, highlighting the concentrated poverty in the urban west of the country. BRAMLEY G., LANCASTER S. et GORDON D. (2000) La demande de prestations et la geographie de la pauvrete en Ecosse, Reg. Studies 34 , 507-519. L'interet accru pour la pauvrete et l'exclusion, et l'acces plus libre a l'information relative aux prestations sociales, au niveau local ainsi que sur le plan des zones plus petites, offrent de nouvelles possibilites d'analyser la geographie de la pauvrete a n de guider les politiques de regeneration et de l'affectation des ressources. Toujours est-il que tous les menages qui ont droit aux prestations n'en font pas une demande, et tous les pauvres n'y ont pas droit. A partir d'une importante base de donnees provenant d'une enquete detaillee, on etudie le rapport entre la demande de prestations, la couverture et les minima sociaux en fonction des zones differentes. Il s'avere des ecarts marques quant a la demande de prestations et a la couverture pour ce qui est des personnes agees par rapport aux autres groupes, et des zones plus riches par rapport aux zones plus pauvres. Les ecarts ruralo-urbains s'averent moins marques, compte tenu de ces caracteristiques-la. On presente un profil des pauvres qui n'ont pas droit aux prestations. La geographie contemporaine de la pauvrete de l'Ecosse se voit decrire au niveau de l'administration locale a partir des mesures diverses, y compris de meilleures estimations basees sur les prestations et des indicateurs bases sur des variables interposees, et souligne la concentration de la pauvrete dans la partie urbaine a l'ouest du pays. BRAMLEY G., LANCASTER S. und GORDON D. (2000) Inanspruchnahme von Sozialhilfe und die Geographic von Bedurftigkeitsfallen in Schottland, Reg. Studies 34 , 507- 519. Erneutes Interesse an Problemen der Bedurftigkeit und gesellschaftlichem Ausgcschlossensein, sowie die Tatsache, dass Information uber Sozialhilfe auf ortlicher und Kleingebietsebene leichter erhaltlich ist, schaffen neue Gelegenheiten fur eine Analyse des Bedurftigkeitsvorkommens, das die Grundlage fur Erholung und Mittelzuteilungspolitik bildet. Es wird jedoch nicht von allen bedurftigen Haushalten Unterstutzung beantragt, noch sind alle Bedurftigen berechtigt, Unterstutzung zu beziehen. Mit Hilfe einer grossangelegten Datenreihe einer Untersuchung auf Mikroebene fur Schottland werden die Beziehungen zwischen Inanspruchnahme von Sozialhilfe, Berechtigung und Einkommensbedurftigkeit fur unterschiedliche Gebietstypen untersucht. Es werden zwischen Haushalten alterer Personen und denen anderer, sowie zwischen mehr oder weniger wohlhabenden Gebieten deutliche Unterschiede des Ausmasses der Beantragung von Sozialhilfe und der Deckung von Bedurftigkeitsfallen durch Berechtigung zum Empfang von Sozialhilfe festgestellt. Unterschiede zwischen Stadt und Land sind weniger ausgepragt, wenn die oben erwahntcn Merkmale berucksichtigt worden sind. Es wird ein Profil der Bedurftigen vorgelegt, die nicht von Sozialhilfemassnahmen erfasst werden. Die gegenwartige Geographie der Bedurftigkeit in Schottland wird auf der Ebene der Ortsverwaltung beschrieben, wobei verschiedene Masse, einschliesslich aufgebesserter, auf Sozialhilfe fussendcr Schatzungen und stellvertretend aufgefuhrter Indikationen herangezogen werden, wobei die Konzentration bedurftiger Personen im stadtischen Westen hervorgehoben wird.

Suggested Citation

  • Glen Bramley & Sharon Lancaster & David Gordon, 2000. "Benefit Take-up and the Geography of Poverty in Scotland," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 34(6), pages 507-519.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:34:y:2000:i:6:p:507-519
    DOI: 10.1080/00343400050085639
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. G Bramley & S Lancaster, 1998. "Modelling local and small-area income distributions in Scotland," Environment and Planning C: Government and Policy, Pion Ltd, London, vol. 16(6), pages 681-706, December.
    2. Glen Bramley & Gavin Smart, 1996. "Modelling Local Income Distributions in Britain," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 30(3), pages 239-255.
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    Cited by:

    1. Bargain, Olivier & Immervoll, Herwig & Viitamäki, Heikki, 2007. "How Tight Are Safety-Nets in Nordic Countries? Evidence from Finnish Register Data," IZA Discussion Papers 3004, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    2. Olivier Bargain & Herwig Immervoll & Heikki Viitamäki, 2012. "No claim, no pain. Measuring the non-take-up of social assistance using register data," The Journal of Economic Inequality, Springer;Society for the Study of Economic Inequality, vol. 10(3), pages 375-395, September.
    3. Zantomio, Francesca, 2008. "The route to take-up: raising incentives or lowering barriers?," ISER Working Paper Series 2008-35, Institute for Social and Economic Research.

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    Keywords

    Social Security Benefits; Poverty; Scotland;

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