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Banking structure and economic growth: Evidence from China

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  • Justin Lin
  • Xifang Sun

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Abstract

With panel data for 28 Chinese provinces (autonomous regions, municipalities) during 1985–2002, this paper assesses the effect of banking structure on economic growth. Banking structure is defined as the relative importance of banks of different size in the banking sector. The market share of small banking institutions is taken as a proxy to measure the banking structure. In dealing with the potential endogeneity problem, this paper constructs an instrumental variable for banking structure with the information on the commercialization reform of state-owned banks initiated in 1994. The estimation results from a two-way fixed-effect model show that increases in the market share of small banking institutions enhance economic growth in contemporary China.
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Suggested Citation

  • Justin Lin & Xifang Sun, 2009. "Banking structure and economic growth: Evidence from China," Frontiers of Economics in China, Springer;Higher Education Press, vol. 4(4), pages 479-504, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:spr:frecch:v:4:y:2009:i:4:p:479-504
    DOI: 10.1007/s11459-009-0026-z
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Wenli Cheng & Yongzheng Wu, 2016. "Basis for Bank Credit Allocation in China’s Private Sector: Political Connection or Firm Performance?," Monash Economics Working Papers 41-16, Monash University, Department of Economics.
    2. Wenli Cheng & Yongzeng Wu, 2016. "Bank Finance for Private Firms in China: Does Political Capital Still Pay Off?," Monash Economics Working Papers 07-16, Monash University, Department of Economics.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    optimal financial structure; banking structure; economic growth; G210; L110; O430; 最优金融结构; 银行业结构; 经济增长;

    JEL classification:

    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • L11 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - Production, Pricing, and Market Structure; Size Distribution of Firms
    • O43 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - Institutions and Growth

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