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Banking structure and economic growth: Evidence from China

  • Justin Lin
  • Xifang Sun

    ()

With panel data for 28 Chinese provinces (autonomous regions, municipalities) during 1985–2002, this paper assesses the effect of banking structure on economic growth. Banking structure is defined as the relative importance of banks of different size in the banking sector. The market share of small banking institutions is taken as a proxy to measure the banking structure. In dealing with the potential endogeneity problem, this paper constructs an instrumental variable for banking structure with the information on the commercialization reform of state-owned banks initiated in 1994. The estimation results from a two-way fixed-effect model show that increases in the market share of small banking institutions enhance economic growth in contemporary China.

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File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10.1007/s11459-009-0026-z
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Article provided by Springer & Higher Education Press in its journal Frontiers of Economics in China.

Volume (Year): 4 (2009)
Issue (Month): 4 (December)
Pages: 479-504

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Handle: RePEc:spr:frecch:v:4:y:2009:i:4:p:479-504
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Order Information: Web: http://journal.hep.com.cn/fec/EN/1673-3444/current.shtml

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