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Sustainable urban transportation: abatement and control of traffic congestion and vehicular emissions from land transportation in Singapore


  • Anthony Chin


Traffic from land transport is one of the largest sources of negative externalities in most urban environments. High economic growth rates and rising urban incomes have led to high ownership of motor vehicles, particularly the automobile. The inability of governments to demand-manage the growth, provide alternative forms of transport, and introduce systematic land-use planning has led to gridlock in the road system and acute air and noise pollution. The economist’s solution has been to introduce either some form of user charge or ration or some command and control measures. For user charges to be effective, the policymaker must know the nature of the demand and the cost of the externality. This is often not possible as it may result in overuse of the facility if charges are set below the optimal rate, especially if the demand is elastic (and vice versa). This paper explores the factors that influence the success or failure of either or both approaches, with Singapore as a case study. Copyright Springer Japan 2000

Suggested Citation

  • Anthony Chin, 2000. "Sustainable urban transportation: abatement and control of traffic congestion and vehicular emissions from land transportation in Singapore," Environmental Economics and Policy Studies, Springer;Society for Environmental Economics and Policy Studies - SEEPS, vol. 3(4), pages 355-380, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:spr:envpol:v:3:y:2000:i:4:p:355-380
    DOI: 10.1007/BF03354046

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Ang, B.W. & Ng, T.T. & Fwa, T.F., 1992. "A factorization analysis of automobile fuel consumption in actual traffic," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 17(7), pages 629-634.
    2. Ang, B.W. & Oh, S.T., 1988. "Transport and traffic management schemes and energy saving in Singapore," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 13(2), pages 141-148.
    3. Dewees, Donald N, 1979. "Estimating the Time Costs of Highway Congestion," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 47(6), pages 1499-1512, November.
    4. F. H. Knight, 1924. "Some Fallacies in the Interpretation of Social Cost," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 38(4), pages 582-606.
    5. Chin, Anthony & Smith, Peter, 1997. "Automobile ownership and government policy: The economics of Singapore's vehicle quota scheme," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 31(2), pages 129-140, March.
    6. Boardman, Anthony E. & Lave, Lester B., 1977. "Highway congestion and congestion tolls," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 4(3), pages 340-359, July.
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