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Urban freight policies and distribution channels: a discussion based on evidence from Italian cities

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  • Danielis, Romeo
  • Rotaris, Lucia
  • Marcucci, Edoardo

Abstract

Urban areas are vital centers of economic activity and innovation generating large economies of density and proximity. Yet, procuring and distributing goods in an urban context is fraught with difficulties because of infrastructure congestion, external costs, conflicting objectives among stakeholders, and asymmetric information. In order to improve the performance of the urban goods transport system many policies have been proposed, including goods vehicle time windows, vehicle-type restrictions, loading\unloading policies, fiscal policies, and the promotion urban transhipment and consolidation centres. Unfortunately, not much is known concerning how these policies affect the existing distribution practices. It is quite likely that the impact is differentiated by type of product and distribution channel. The aim of this paper is to explore this issue. Drawing on the existing literature and on the empirical evidence from some Italian cities, the paper identifies and discusses the relationship between each of the above-mentioned policies and the distribution channels of some goods (fresh food sold in retail stores, food distributed by Hotels, Restaurants and Catering (Ho.Re.Ca.), pharmaceutical products and clothing&footwear) which are commonly distributed in Italian urban centers. It is found that the distribution of pharmaceutical products is unaffected by these policies, whereas the distribution of fresh food is negatively affected especially by access time regulation and loading\unloading policies. The Ho.Re.Ca. and the clothing&footwear channels are likely to be impacted the most by fiscal policies and by the promotion of urban transhipment and consolidation centres.

Suggested Citation

  • Danielis, Romeo & Rotaris, Lucia & Marcucci, Edoardo, 2010. "Urban freight policies and distribution channels: a discussion based on evidence from Italian cities," European Transport \ Trasporti Europei, ISTIEE, Institute for the Study of Transport within the European Economic Integration, issue 46, pages 114-146.
  • Handle: RePEc:sot:journl:y:2010:i:46:p:114-146
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    File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10077/6169
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. José Holguín-Veras & Michael Silas & John Polimeni & Brenda Cruz, 2008. "An Investigation on the Effectiveness of Joint Receiver–Carrier Policies to Increase Truck Traffic in the Off-peak Hours," Networks and Spatial Economics, Springer, vol. 8(4), pages 327-354, December.
    2. Edoardo Marcucci & Romeo Danielis, 2008. "The potential demand for a urban freight consolidation centre," Transportation, Springer, vol. 35(2), pages 269-284, March.
    3. Rossi, Riccardo & Gastaldi, Massimiliano & Nocera, Silvio & Danielis, Romeo, 2010. "Introduction," European Transport \ Trasporti Europei, ISTIEE, Institute for the Study of Transport within the European Economic Integration, issue 46, pages 1-2.
    4. de Palma, Andre & Marcucci, Edoardo & Niskanen, Esko & Wieland, Bernhard, 2005. "Introduction," European Transport \ Trasporti Europei, ISTIEE, Institute for the Study of Transport within the European Economic Integration, issue 31, pages 1-5.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Jesus Gonzalez-Feliu & Christian Ambrosini & Jean-Louis Routhier, 2012. "New trends on urban goods movement: Modelling and simulation of e-commerce distribution," Post-Print halshs-00626152, HAL.
    2. Edoardo Marcucci, Amanda Stathopoulos, Romeo Danielis, 2012. "Urban freight policies and tourism. The case of own-account operators in Rome’s limited traffic zone," RIEDS - Rivista Italiana di Economia, Demografia e Statistica - Italian Review of Economics, Demography and Statistics, SIEDS Societa' Italiana di Economia Demografia e Statistica, vol. 66(2), pages 121-139.
    3. Arvidsson, Niklas, 2013. "The milk run revisited: A load factor paradox with economic and environmental implications for urban freight transport," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 51(C), pages 56-62.
    4. repec:hal:wpaper:halshs-01176134 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. repec:exl:1trans:v:10:y:2015:i:4:p:75-91 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. Jesus Gonzalez-Feliu, 2011. "Costs and benefits of logistics pooling for urban freight distribution: scenario simulation and assessment for strategic decision support," Post-Print halshs-00688967, HAL.
    7. Gonzalez Feliu, Jesus & Ambrosini, Christian & Routhier, Jean-Louis, 2012. "New trends on urban goods movement modelling: proximity delivery versus shopping trips," European Transport \ Trasporti Europei, ISTIEE, Institute for the Study of Transport within the European Economic Integration, issue 50, pages 1-2.
    8. Jesus Gonzalez-Feliu & Joëlle Morana & Josep-Maria Salanova Grau & Tai-Yu Ma, 2013. "Design and scenario assessment for collaborative logistics and freight transport systems," Post-Print halshs-00844705, HAL.
    9. Josep-Maria Salanova Grau & Jesus Gonzalez-Feliu, 2015. "Comparing fast VRP algorithms for collaborative urban freight transport systems: a solution probleming analysis," Post-Print halshs-01176134, HAL.
    10. repec:eee:transa:v:102:y:2017:i:c:p:98-118 is not listed on IDEAS
    11. Nuzzolo, Agostino & Crisalli, Umberto & Comi, Antonio, 2012. "A trip chain order model for simulating urban freight restocking," European Transport \ Trasporti Europei, ISTIEE, Institute for the Study of Transport within the European Economic Integration, issue 50, pages 1-7.
    12. Jesús Muñuzuri & Pablo Cortés & Luis Onieva & José Guadix, 2013. "Simulating the effects of pedestrianisation on urban freight deliveries," European Transport \ Trasporti Europei, ISTIEE, Institute for the Study of Transport within the European Economic Integration, issue 54, pages 1-10.
    13. Simona Mancini, 2013. "Multi-echelon distribution systems in city logistics," European Transport \ Trasporti Europei, ISTIEE, Institute for the Study of Transport within the European Economic Integration, issue 54, pages 1-2.

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    Keywords

    City Logistics; Goods movement; Supply Chain;

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