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Warunki przejścia gospodarki na odnawialne źródła energii


  • Maciej Malaczewski


Stopniowe wyczerpywanie się nieodnawialnych zasobów naturalnych jest faktem, gdyż służą one w procesie produkcji nie tylko jako materiał, ale także jako główne źródło energii. Celem artykułu jest dokonanie analizy zagadnienia całkowitego przejścia gospodarki na odnawialne źródła energii. Analizy dokonano za pomocą skonstruowanego prostego modelu matematycznego gospodarki, uwzględniającego komplementarność energii i kapitału fizycznego, w którym decyzję o przejściu na odnawialne źródła energii traktujemy jedynie jako decyzję polityki gospodarczej. Wyznaczono warunki konieczne, które gospodarka musi spełnić, by w ustalonym momencie w przyszłości móc zrezygnować z nieodnawialnych źródeł energii. Do warunków tych należą- odpowiedni poziom preferencji proeokologicznych społeczeństwa, niska energochłonność używanego kapitału fizycznego, dostateczne zapasy zasobów naturalnych będących źródłem energii. Określono wpływ poszczególnych aspektów makroekonomicznych na realizację zamierzonej polityki gospodarczej. Artykuł ma charakter teoretyczny.

Suggested Citation

  • Maciej Malaczewski, 2017. "Warunki przejścia gospodarki na odnawialne źródła energii," Gospodarka Narodowa, Warsaw School of Economics, issue 1, pages 33-51.
  • Handle: RePEc:sgh:gosnar:y:2017:i:1:p:33-51

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. André Grimaud & Luc Rouge, 2008. "Environment, Directed Technical Change and Economic Policy," Environmental & Resource Economics, Springer;European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, vol. 41(4), pages 439-463, December.
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    3. Karen Pittel & Lucas Bretschger, 2010. "The implications of heterogeneous resource intensities on technical change and growth," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 43(4), pages 1173-1197, November.
    4. Partha Dasgupta & Geoffrey Heal, 1974. "The Optimal Depletion of Exhaustible Resources," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 41(5), pages 3-28.
    5. Tahvonen, Olli & Salo, Seppo, 2001. "Economic growth and transitions between renewable and nonrenewable energy resources," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 45(8), pages 1379-1398, August.
    6. Jean-Pierre Amigues & Ngo Van Long & Michel Moreaux, 2004. "Overcoming the natural resource constraints through dedicated R&D efforts: contrasting the non-renewable and the renewable resource economies," International Journal of Global Environmental Issues, Inderscience Enterprises Ltd, vol. 4(1/2/3), pages 11-37.
    7. Neustroev, Dmitry, 2013. "The Uzawa-Lucas Growth Model with Natural Resources," MPRA Paper 52937, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    8. Martin Stuermer & Gregor Schwerhoff, 2013. "Technological change in resource extraction and endogenous growth," Bonn Econ Discussion Papers bgse12_2013, University of Bonn, Germany.
    9. Costantini, Valeria & Martini, Chiara, 2010. "The causality between energy consumption and economic growth: A multi-sectoral analysis using non-stationary cointegrated panel data," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 32(3), pages 591-603, May.
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    More about this item


    nieodnawialne zasoby naturalne; odnawialne źródła energii; komplementarność zasobów naturalnych i kapitału fizycznego;

    JEL classification:

    • Q42 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Alternative Energy Sources
    • Q43 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Energy and the Macroeconomy
    • Q48 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Government Policy


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