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Determinanty inwestycji finansowych przedsiębiorstw w Polsce

Author

Listed:
  • Natalia Nehrebecka
  • Anna Białek-Jaworska

Abstract

W artykule zidentyfikowano determinanty wielkości inwestycji finansowych przedsiębiorstw w Polsce i ich zależności od oszczędności i stopy procentowej. Analizę przeprowadzono na podstawie jednostkowych danych panelowych niezbilansowanych przedsiębiorstw, zatrudniających co najmniej 10 pracowników, zawartych w rocznych sprawozdaniach GUS F-02 z lat 1995–2012. Do oszacowania parametrów wykorzystano systemowy estymator GMM (Generalised Methods of Moments; por. Arellano, Bover [1995]; Blundell, Bond [1998]) z odporną macierzą wariancji-kowariancji. Wykazano istotną ujemną zależność między inwestycjami finansowymi a nadwyżką pieniężną wygenerowaną z działalności operacyjnej, co oznacza, że problemy z utrzymaniem płynności w podstawowej działalności skłaniają przedsiębiorstwa do zwiększania długoterminowych inwestycji finansowych zgodnie z motywem przezornościowym. Natomiast akumulacja nadwyżki pieniężnej z działalności operacyjnej w postaci oszczędności powoduje wzrost długoterminowych inwestycji finansowych. Wykazano też dodatni wpływ realnej międzybankowej stopy procentowej overnight. Potwierdza to występowanie motywu przezornościowego. Łącznie uzyskane wyniki pozwalają wnioskować, iż wzrost stóp procentowych oznacza rosnący koszt alternatywny inwestycji w środki trwałe i może zachęcać firmy do przeznaczenia oszczędności na zakup aktywów finansowych (kanał stopy procentowej polityki pieniężnej) zamiast na inwestycje w środki trwałe lub prace rozwojowe (B+R).

Suggested Citation

  • Natalia Nehrebecka & Anna Białek-Jaworska, 2016. "Determinanty inwestycji finansowych przedsiębiorstw w Polsce," Gospodarka Narodowa, Warsaw School of Economics, issue 3, pages 35-55.
  • Handle: RePEc:sgh:gosnar:y:2016:i:3:p:35-55
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    inwestycje finansowe; cash flow; dynamiczne modele panelowe; systemowy GMM;

    JEL classification:

    • D22 - Microeconomics - - Production and Organizations - - - Firm Behavior: Empirical Analysis
    • G31 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Capital Budgeting; Fixed Investment and Inventory Studies
    • G32 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Financing Policy; Financial Risk and Risk Management; Capital and Ownership Structure; Value of Firms; Goodwill
    • O30 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - General

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