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Who Participates in the Undeclared Economy in South-Eastern Europe? An Evaluation of the Marginalization Thesis

Listed author(s):
  • Colin C. Williams

    (University of Sheffield, U.K.)

  • Ioana A. Horodnic

    (Alexandru Ioan Cuza University of Iasi, Romania)

To evaluate the "marginalization thesis" which posits that marginalized populations are more likely to engage in the undeclared economy, a 2013 Eurobarometer survey of six South-East European countries is analysed. Finding that some marginalized populations (e.g., those having difficulties paying household bills, the unemployed, younger people) are significantly more likely to participate in undeclared work, but others are not (e.g., poorer nations, women, those with fewer years in formal education, those living in rural areas), the outcome is a call for a more variegated and nuanced understanding of the marginalization thesis. The paper then discusses the theoretical and policy implications.

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File URL: http://www.asecu.gr/Seeje/issue25/issue25-williams-horodnic.pdf
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Article provided by Association of Economic Universities of South and Eastern Europe and the Black Sea Region in its journal South-Eastern Europe Journal of Economics.

Volume (Year): 13 (2015)
Issue (Month): 2 ()
Pages: 157-175

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Handle: RePEc:seb:journl:v:13:y:2015:i:2:p:157-175
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  1. Gabriella Lazaridis & Maria Koumandraki, 2003. "Survival Ethnic Entrepreneuers in Greece: a Mosaic of Informal and Formal Business Activities," Sociological Research Online, Sociological Research Online, vol. 8(2).
  2. Colin C Williams, 2001. "Tackling the Participation of the Unemployed in Paid Informal Work: A Critical Evaluation of the Deterrence Approach," Environment and Planning C, , vol. 19(5), pages 729-749, October.
  3. Orviska, Marta & Hudson, John, 2003. "Tax evasion, civic duty and the law abiding citizen," European Journal of Political Economy, Elsevier, vol. 19(1), pages 83-102, March.
  4. Alm, James & Torgler, Benno, 2006. "Culture differences and tax morale in the United States and in Europe," Journal of Economic Psychology, Elsevier, vol. 27(2), pages 224-246, April.
  5. Balabanova, Dina & McKee, Martin, 2002. "Understanding informal payments for health care: the example of Bulgaria," Health Policy, Elsevier, vol. 62(3), pages 243-273, December.
  6. Rainer Neef, 2002. "Aspects of the Informal Economy in a Transforming Country: The Case of Romania," International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 26(2), pages 299-322, 06.
  7. Cummings, Ronald G. & Martinez-Vazquez, Jorge & McKee, Michael & Torgler, Benno, 2009. "Tax morale affects tax compliance: Evidence from surveys and an artefactual field experiment," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 70(3), pages 447-457, June.
  8. Hug, Simon & Spörri, Franziska, 2011. "Referendums, trust, and tax evasion," European Journal of Political Economy, Elsevier, vol. 27(1), pages 120-131, March.
  9. Olumide TAIWO, 2013. "Employment choice and mobility in multi-sector labour markets: Theoretical model and evidence from Ghana," International Labour Review, International Labour Organization, vol. 152(3-4), pages 469-492, December.
  10. Lago-Peñas, Ignacio & Lago-Peñas, Santiago, 2010. "The determinants of tax morale in comparative perspective: Evidence from European countries," European Journal of Political Economy, Elsevier, vol. 26(4), pages 441-453, December.
  11. Colin C. Williams & Abbi Kedir & Meryem Fethi & Sara Nadin, 2012. "Evaluating 'Varieties of Capitalism' by the Extent and Nature of the Informal Economy: The Case of South-Eastern Europe," South-Eastern Europe Journal of Economics, Association of Economic Universities of South and Eastern Europe and the Black Sea Region, vol. 10(2), pages 113-130.
  12. Benno Torgler, 2005. "Tax morale in Latin America," Public Choice, Springer, vol. 122(1), pages 133-157, January.
  13. Torgler, Benno, 2005. "Tax morale and direct democracy," European Journal of Political Economy, Elsevier, vol. 21(2), pages 525-531, June.
  14. Torgler, Benno, 2006. "The importance of faith: Tax morale and religiosity," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 61(1), pages 81-109, September.
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