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T-communities and Sense of Community in a University Town: Evidence from a Student Sample using a Spatial Ordered-response Model


  • Kate E. Whalen
  • Antonio Páez
  • Chandra Bhat
  • Md Moniruzzaman
  • Rajesh Paleti


An emerging interest in transport research concerns the factors that can help to create strong, sustainable and ‘livable’ communities; however, relatively limited empirical work has been conducted to date. In this paper the perception of sense of community among neighbourhood residents is investigated. Drawing from research on tertiary street-communities (t-communities), the paper explores the effect of the urban landscape, particularly street networks, and neighbourhood and individual characteristics on sense of community. A sample of students at McMaster University in Hamilton, Canada, is used for the analysis. In addition to providing an opportunity to study sense of community, a student sample is interesting in its own right, as students are often a component of essential but at times uneasy relations between universities and towns. Analysis is based on the application of an ordered probit model with a spatial lag. The results provide evidence that t-community membership can influence sense of community.

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  • Kate E. Whalen & Antonio Páez & Chandra Bhat & Md Moniruzzaman & Rajesh Paleti, 2012. "T-communities and Sense of Community in a University Town: Evidence from a Student Sample using a Spatial Ordered-response Model," Urban Studies, Urban Studies Journal Limited, vol. 49(6), pages 1357-1376, May.
  • Handle: RePEc:sae:urbstu:v:49:y:2012:i:6:p:1357-1376

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    6. Yongxin Deng, 2016. "Challenges and complications in neighborhood mapping: from neighborhood concept to operationalization," Journal of Geographical Systems, Springer, vol. 18(3), pages 229-248, July.

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