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The Effect of Earmarked Revenues On the Level and Composition of Expenditures


  • Richard F. Dye

    (Lake Forest College)

  • Therese J. McGuire

    (University of Illinois)


This article provides estimates of the impact of earmarked revenues on the level and composition of state expenditures. Examined are four types of state spending —total, elementary and secondary education, highways, and aid to nonschool local governments -and two measures of earmarking -earmarked revenues per capita and earmarked revenues as a share of the favored expenditure category. An extra dollar of earmarked revenues results in either no change in expenditures or in increases in expenditures that are much smaller than a dollar. A greater reliance on earmarking as a share of expenditures results in either no change in spending or lower expenditures.

Suggested Citation

  • Richard F. Dye & Therese J. McGuire, 1992. "The Effect of Earmarked Revenues On the Level and Composition of Expenditures," Public Finance Review, , vol. 20(4), pages 543-556, October.
  • Handle: RePEc:sae:pubfin:v:20:y:1992:i:4:p:543-556

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    Cited by:

    1. Bhatt, Rachana & Rork, Jonathan C. & Walker, Mary Beth, 2011. "Earmarking and the business cycle: The case of state spending on higher education," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 41(4), pages 352-359, July.
    2. Yeti Nisha Madhoo & Shyam Nath, 2014. "Beneficiary charges: The Cinderella of subnational finance," Chapters, in: Richard M. Bird & Jorge Martinez-Vazquez (ed.), Taxation and Development: The Weakest Link?, chapter 11, pages 364-402, Edward Elgar Publishing.
    3. Whitney B. Afonso, 2015. "Leviathan or Flypaper: Examining the Fungibility of Earmarked Local Sales Taxes for Transportation," Public Budgeting & Finance, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 35(3), pages 1-23, September.
    4. Jeremy Jackson, 2013. "Tax earmarking, party politics and gubernatorial veto: theory and evidence from US states," Public Choice, Springer, vol. 155(1), pages 1-18, April.
    5. Rodger Barros Antunes Campos & Gustavo Pereira Serra, 2017. "The decision on unconstitutionality of earmarking and its impact on the housing access: Evidence from São Paulo State, Brazil," Working Papers, Department of Economics 2017_23, University of São Paulo (FEA-USP).

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