The PPE enterprise: Common Hobbesian roots and perspectives
Conceptualizing behavior decision theoretically as being â€˜pulledâ€™ (by an expected future) is fundamentally different from conceptualizing it as â€˜pushedâ€™ (or determined by past conditions according to causal laws). However, the fundamental distinction between teleological and non-teleological explanations not withstanding, decision-theoretic and evolutionary â€˜ways of world makingâ€™ lead to strikingly similar forms of political, philosophical, and economic models. Common Hobbesian roots can account historically for the emergence of such a common â€˜PPEâ€™ outlook, while a game-theoretic framework of indirect evolution can accommodate the fundamental methodological tension between teleological and non-teleological approaches or the â€˜humanitiesâ€™ and the â€˜scienceâ€™ traditions in PPEâ€™s disciplines.
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