IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this article

Hybrids or Hodgepodges? Workplace Practices of Japanese and Domestic Startups in the United States


  • Peter B. Doeringer
  • Christine Evans-Klock
  • David G. Terkla


This study examines the adoption of high-performance workplace management practices in Japanese and domestic manufacturing plants, spanning a broad range of products and technologies, that began operations in the United States between 1978 and 1988. Japanese transplants, the authors find, were likely to adopt “hybrid†systems of high-performance practices melding Japanese principles of workplace management with the American industrial relations system. Domestic startups incorporated many of these same techniques, but they tended to take a more limited and piecemeal approach. The managers of domestic startups also paid less attention to how individual high-performance practices fit into an overall system of efficient workplace management than did managers at Japanese transplants.

Suggested Citation

  • Peter B. Doeringer & Christine Evans-Klock & David G. Terkla, 1998. "Hybrids or Hodgepodges? Workplace Practices of Japanese and Domestic Startups in the United States," ILR Review, Cornell University, ILR School, vol. 51(2), pages 171-186, January.
  • Handle: RePEc:sae:ilrrev:v:51:y:1998:i:2:p:171-186
    DOI: 10.1177/001979399805100201

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no

    File URL:
    LibKey link: if access is restricted and if your library uses this service, LibKey will redirect you to where you can use your library subscription to access this item

    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Ouchi, William, 1981. "Theory Z: How American business can meet the Japanese challenge," Business Horizons, Elsevier, vol. 24(6), pages 82-83.
    2. Doeringer, Peter B., 1992. "Turbulence in the American Workplace," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780195064612.
    3. Peter B. Doeringer & David G. Terkla, 1992. "Japanese Direct Investment and Economic Development Policy," Economic Development Quarterly, , vol. 6(3), pages 255-272, August.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)


    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.

    Cited by:

    1. Hamdia Mudor, 2011. "Conceptual framework on the relationship between human resource management practices, job satisfaction, and turnover," Journal of Economics and Behavioral Studies, AMH International, vol. 2(2), pages 41-49.
    2. Jirjahn, Uwe, 2024. "Corporate Globalization and Worker Representation," IZA Discussion Papers 16727, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    3. Uwe Jirjahn, 2021. "Foreign ownership and intra-firm union density in Germany," Economic and Industrial Democracy, Department of Economic History, Uppsala University, Sweden, vol. 42(4), pages 1052-1079, November.
    4. John S. Heywood & Uwe Jirjahn, 2014. "Variable Pay, Industrial Relations and Foreign Ownership: Evidence from Germany," British Journal of Industrial Relations, London School of Economics, vol. 52(3), pages 521-552, September.
    5. Uwe Jirjahn & Steffen Mueller, 2014. "Non-union worker representation, foreign owners, and the performance of establishments," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 66(1), pages 140-163, January.
    6. Paul Osterman, 2000. "Work Reorganization in an Era of Restructuring: Trends in Diffusion and Effects on Employee Welfare," ILR Review, Cornell University, ILR School, vol. 53(2), pages 179-196, January.
    7. Hiromichi Shibata & Andrew Doyle, 2006. "International Human Resources Management of Japanese, American, and European Firms in Asia : The Roles of Headquarters and Subsidiaries," Microeconomics Working Papers 21893, East Asian Bureau of Economic Research.
    8. Carstensen, Vivian, 2002. "The From-Tayloristic-to-Holistic-Organization Model From an Empirical Perspective," Hannover Economic Papers (HEP) dp-256, Leibniz Universität Hannover, Wirtschaftswissenschaftliche Fakultät.
    9. Mollick, Andre Varella, 2004. "Production smoothing in the Japanese vehicle industry," International Journal of Production Economics, Elsevier, vol. 91(1), pages 63-74, September.
    10. Sue Konzelmann & Robert Forrant, 2000. "Creative Work Systems in Destructive Markets," Working Papers wp187, Centre for Business Research, University of Cambridge.
    11. Jirjahn, Uwe, 2021. "Membership in Employers' Associations and Collective Bargaining Coverage in Germany," IZA Discussion Papers 14783, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    12. Apfelthaler, Gerhard & Muller, Helen J. & Rehder, Robert R., 2002. "Corporate global culture as competitive advantage: learning from Germany and Japan in Alabama and Austria?," Journal of World Business, Elsevier, vol. 37(2), pages 108-118, July.
    13. Doeringer, Peter & Evans-Klock, Christine & Terkla, David, 2004. "What attracts high performance factories? Management culture and regional advantage," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 34(5), pages 591-618, September.
    14. Verena Dill & Uwe Jirjahn, 2017. "Foreign owners and the quality of industrial relations in Germany," Economic and Industrial Democracy, Department of Economic History, Uppsala University, Sweden, vol. 38(1), pages 5-25, February.
    15. A I Petrescu & R Simmons & S Bradley, 2004. "The impacts of human resource management practices and pay inequality on workers' job satisfaction," Working Papers 542602, Lancaster University Management School, Economics Department.
    16. Suzanne Konzelmann, 2002. "Institutional Transplant and American Corporate Governance: The case of Ferodyn," Working Papers wp231, Centre for Business Research, University of Cambridge.
    17. Suzanne Konzelmann & Charles Craypo & Rabih Aridi & Frank Wilkinson, 2005. "The national varieties of capitalism: the cases of Wal-mart and Ikea," Working Papers wp314, Centre for Business Research, University of Cambridge.
    18. Peter Doeringer & Christine Evans-klock & David Terkla, 2005. "Management cultures and regional development: High performance management and the location of new manufacturing plants," European Planning Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 13(6), pages 815-830, September.
    19. Carstensen, Vivian, 2003. "Die organisationelle Revolution: Lassen sich die postulierten Produktivitätseffekte empirisch belegen?," Hannover Economic Papers (HEP) dp-277, Leibniz Universität Hannover, Wirtschaftswissenschaftliche Fakultät.
    20. Uwe Jirjahn, 2023. "Membership in employers’ associations and collective bargaining coverage in Germany," Economic and Industrial Democracy, Department of Economic History, Uppsala University, Sweden, vol. 44(3), pages 798-826, August.
    21. Verena Dill & Uwe Jirjahn, 2014. "Foreign Owners and Perceived Job Insecurity in Germany: Evidence from Linked Employer-Employee Data," Research Papers in Economics 2014-09, University of Trier, Department of Economics.
    22. W Barnes & Sue Konzelmann, 1999. "The Fragility of Functional Work Systems in American Steel," Working Papers wp137, Centre for Business Research, University of Cambridge.

    Most related items

    These are the items that most often cite the same works as this one and are cited by the same works as this one.
    1. Hanibuchi, Tomoya & Murata, Yohei & Ichida, Yukinobu & Hirai, Hiroshi & Kawachi, Ichiro & Kondo, Katsunori, 2012. "Place-specific constructs of social capital and their possible associations to health: A Japanese case study," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 75(1), pages 225-232.
    2. Kaja Prystupa, 2017. "The Role of Organizational Culture in KnowledgeManagement in Small Companies," Journal of Entrepreneurship, Management and Innovation, Fundacja Upowszechniająca Wiedzę i Naukę "Cognitione", vol. 13(3), pages 151-173.
    3. Cabrera, Elizabeth F. & Bonache, Jaime, 1998. "A computer-based aid for the design of a strategic organizational culture," DEE - Working Papers. Business Economics. WB 6541, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid. Departamento de Economía de la Empresa.
    4. Sinem AYDOGDU & Baris ASIKGIL, 2011. "The Effect of Transformational Leadership Behavior on Organizational Culture: An Application in Pharmaceutical Industry," International Review of Management and Marketing, Econjournals, vol. 1(4), pages 65-73.
    5. Hisako Matsuo, 2012. "Transfer of Japanese Human Resource Management to US Subsidiaries: Resource Dependence Theory and Institutionalism," International Journal of Business and Social Research, LAR Center Press, vol. 2(6), pages 34-46, November.
    6. Caligiuri, Paula & Bonache, Jaime, 2016. "Evolving and enduring challenges in global mobility," Journal of World Business, Elsevier, vol. 51(1), pages 127-141.
    7. Damianus Abun & Nimfa C. Catbagan & Theogenia Magallanes & Robert Rodrigo & Egdona A. Quinto, 2021. "Leadership Attitude of office Heads toward Employees and Leadership Styles," Technium Social Sciences Journal, Technium Science, vol. 16(1), pages 401-419, February.
    8. Yoshiko DeMotta & Sankar Sen, 2017. "How psychological contracts motivate employer-brand patronage," Marketing Letters, Springer, vol. 28(3), pages 385-395, September.
    9. Dengjian Jin, 1995. "Bounded governance within extended order: The Confucian advantage of synergy under generalized constitutional rules," Constitutional Political Economy, Springer, vol. 6(3), pages 263-279, October.
    10. Lukáš Copuš & Peter Madzík & Helena Šajgalíková & Karol Čarnogurský, 2023. "Is There a Possibility to Characterize an Organizational Culture by Its Selected Cultural Dimensions?," SAGE Open, , vol. 13(4), pages 21582440231, October.
    11. Zu, Xingxing & Robbins, Tina L. & Fredendall, Lawrence D., 2010. "Mapping the critical links between organizational culture and TQM/Six Sigma practices," International Journal of Production Economics, Elsevier, vol. 123(1), pages 86-106, January.
    12. Gatignon, Aline & Gatignon, Hubert, 2010. "Erin Anderson and the Path Breaking Work of TCE in New Areas of Business Research: Transaction Costs in Action," Journal of Retailing, Elsevier, vol. 86(3), pages 232-247.
    13. Kertai-Kiss Ildikó, 2014. "The Fit of National and Organisational Cultures in International Scientific Literature," Proceedings- 11th International Conference on Mangement, Enterprise and Benchmarking (MEB 2014),, Óbuda University, Keleti Faculty of Business and Management.
    14. Masaaki Kotabe, 2020. "Japanese management and the climate of the time," Asian Business & Management, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 19(1), pages 25-35, February.
    15. Goncalo, Jack A. & Staw, Barry M., 2006. "Individualism-collectivism and group creativity," Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, Elsevier, vol. 100(1), pages 96-109, May.
    16. Arjun Bhardwaj & Joerg Dietz & Paul W. Beamish, 2007. "Host country cultural influences on foreign direct investment," Management International Review, Springer, vol. 47(1), pages 29-50, February.
    17. Eleni ARAVOPOULOU, 2015. "Zmiana Organizacyjna – Przegląd Teorii I Koncepcji," Nowoczesne Systemy Zarządzania. Modern Management Systems, Military University of Technology, Faculty of Security, Logistics and Management, Institute of Organization and Management, issue 1, pages 19-32.
    18. T. Takayama, 1988. "Japanese Economy: Past, present and future," Economics Discussion / Working Papers 88-06, The University of Western Australia, Department of Economics.
    19. Simon Collinson & Alan Rugman, 2007. "The regional character of Asian multinational enterprises," Asia Pacific Journal of Management, Springer, vol. 24(4), pages 429-446, December.
    20. Bayer, Ivo & Bonus, Holger, 2005. "Europäische Identität und symbolische Politik," Beiträge zur angewandten Wirtschaftsforschung 12, University of Münster, Center of Applied Economic Research Münster (CAWM).

    More about this item


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:sae:ilrrev:v:51:y:1998:i:2:p:171-186. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a bibliographic reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: SAGE Publications (email available below). General contact details of provider: .

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service. RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.