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Neighborhood quality determinants. Empirical evidence from the American Housing Survey


  • Alexandrina-Ioana Scorbureanu


  • IOn Scorbureanu


This research aims to present the results obtained from the analysis of neighborhoods ranking in the metropolitan areas with more than 100,000 inhabitants. Using data from the American Housing Survey for the year 2000, we estimate an ordered logit model to explain the neighborhood quality adjustments in the American metropolitan areas and their determinants. Results show that the neighborhood subjective evaluation varies with the householder log-income, education level and age whereas the objective evaluation is explained by the presence of green areas, shopping malls, access roads and schools. Household characteristics as the number of household members and their activities, dwelling characteristics such as the number of available rooms, facility access, and the surrounding environment defined by the presence of elementary and secondary schools, shops, presence of public means of transport, low levels of noise, green spaces and the age of the nearby units are significant attributes that influence the quality of neighborhoods. Their impact on mobility and location of dwelling choices is measured.

Suggested Citation

  • Alexandrina-Ioana Scorbureanu & IOn Scorbureanu, 2012. "Neighborhood quality determinants. Empirical evidence from the American Housing Survey," Review of Applied Socio-Economic Research, Pro Global Science Association, vol. 3(1), pages 153-161, July.
  • Handle: RePEc:rse:wpaper:v:3:y:2012:i:1:p:153-161

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Patrick Bayer & Robert McMillan, 2005. "Racial Sorting and Neighborhood Quality," NBER Working Papers 11813, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    2. Rabe, Birgitta & Taylor, Mark P., 2009. "Residential mobility, neighbourhood quality and life-course events," ISER Working Paper Series 2009-28, Institute for Social and Economic Research.
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    More about this item


    ordered choice models; latent utility; neighbourhood quality; dwelling location; residential mobility; US census data.;

    JEL classification:

    • C01 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - General - - - Econometrics
    • C25 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Discrete Regression and Qualitative Choice Models; Discrete Regressors; Proportions; Probabilities
    • R23 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Household Analysis - - - Regional Migration; Regional Labor Markets; Population


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