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Economic Growth and Infrastructure Gap in Latin America

  • Federica Liberini


    (Università degli Studi di Roma "Tor Vergata")

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    This paper analyses the recent trends in infrastructures of Latin American, with the aim of addressing the problem of measuring and evaluating the infrastructural gap. Departing from the recent literature on economic growth and public finance, we defined the infrastructure need of a country through a model of demand. The use of a large dataset (121 countries spanned over 1960-1999) made it possible to estimate the optimal level of infrastructure provision. To conclude, a comparative inter-regional analysis of the infrastructural gap between the Latin American, East Asian, OECD and middle income countries was conducted to check if the reduction in infrastructural investment was caused by the evolution of infrastructure needs, or if it was due to a widespread inefficiency caused by the underestimation of actual needs.

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    Article provided by SIPI Spa in its journal Rivista di Politica Economica.

    Volume (Year): 96 (2006)
    Issue (Month): 6 (November-December)
    Pages: 145-186

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    Handle: RePEc:rpo:ripoec:v:96:y:2006:i:6:p:145-186
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    1. Demetriades, Panicos O & Mamuneas, Theofanis P, 2000. "Intertemporal Output and Employment Effects of Public Infrastructure Capital: Evidence from 12 OECD Economics," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 110(465), pages 687-712, July.
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    3. Steve Bond, 2002. "Dynamic panel data models: a guide to microdata methods and practice," CeMMAP working papers CWP09/02, Centre for Microdata Methods and Practice, Institute for Fiscal Studies.
    4. David Aschauer, 1988. "Is public expenditure productive?," Staff Memoranda 88-7, Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago.
    5. Arellano, Manuel & Bond, Stephen, 1991. "Some Tests of Specification for Panel Data: Monte Carlo Evidence and an Application to Employment Equations," Review of Economic Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 58(2), pages 277-97, April.
    6. Robert J. Barro, 1988. "Government Spending in a Simple Model of Endogenous Growth," NBER Working Papers 2588, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    7. Esfahani, Hadi Salehi & Ramirez, Maria Teresa, 2003. "Institutions, infrastructure, and economic growth," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 70(2), pages 443-477, April.
    8. Canning, David, 1998. "A Database of World Stocks of Infrastructure, 1950-95," World Bank Economic Review, World Bank Group, vol. 12(3), pages 529-47, September.
    9. Maddala, G S & Wu, Shaowen, 1999. " A Comparative Study of Unit Root Tests with Panel Data and a New Simple Test," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 61(0), pages 631-52, Special I.
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