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Determinants of Organisational Structures: An Empirical Study



    () (University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain)

  • Merce BERNARDO

    () (University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain)

  • Jose M. CASTAN

    () (University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain)


This article analyses the main factors that determine the organisational structure of a sample of firms located in Catalonia, an autonomous region in the northeast of Spain. The variables studied were identified from among the factors considered in contingency theory and by incorporating elements of the strategic choice approach. After grouping the variables into two factors (related to internationalisation and customer-oriented aspects, respectively) the results revealed three groups of companies according to how they regarded the impact of these factors on organisational structures. In those groups that consider the variables of internationalisation to be modifiers of structure the organisational structures are of the ‘complex classical’ type, whereas simple forms predominate in the group that believes these variables do not modify their structure.

Suggested Citation

  • Fariza ACHCAOUCAOU & Merce BERNARDO & Jose M. CASTAN, 2009. "Determinants of Organisational Structures: An Empirical Study," REVISTA DE MANAGEMENT COMPARAT INTERNATIONAL/REVIEW OF INTERNATIONAL COMPARATIVE MANAGEMENT, Faculty of Management, Academy of Economic Studies, Bucharest, Romania, vol. 10(3), pages 566-577, July.
  • Handle: RePEc:rom:rmcimn:v:10:y:2009:i:3:p:566-577

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. van Wijk, R.A.J.L. & van den Bosch, F.A.J., 2000. "Creating the N-Form Corporation as a Managerial Competence," ERIM Report Series Research in Management ERS-2000-24-STR, Erasmus Research Institute of Management (ERIM), ERIM is the joint research institute of the Rotterdam School of Management, Erasmus University and the Erasmus School of Economics (ESE) at Erasmus University Rotterdam.
    2. Stephen Johnson, 1967. "Hierarchical clustering schemes," Psychometrika, Springer;The Psychometric Society, vol. 32(3), pages 241-254, September.
    3. Pettigrew, Andrew & Massini, Silvia & Numagami, Tsuyoshi, 2000. "Innovative forms of organising in Europe and Japan," European Management Journal, Elsevier, vol. 18(3), pages 259-273, June.
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    Cited by:

    1. Dr. Washington O. Okeyo & Dr. James Gathungu & Prof. Peter K’Obonyo, PhD, 2014. "The Impact of Business Development Services on Entrepreneurial Orientation and Performance of Small and Medium Enterprises in Kenya," International Journal of Business and Social Research, MIR Center for Socio-Economic Research, vol. 4(7), pages 38-49, July.

    More about this item


    organisational design; contingency; strategic choice.;

    JEL classification:

    • L22 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - Firm Organization and Market Structure
    • L25 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - Firm Performance


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