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The international resilience of Italian industrial districts/clusters (ID/C) between knowledge re-shoring and manufacturing off (near)-shoring

Listed author(s):
  • Belussi , Fiorenza

    ()

    (Università degli Studi di Padova)

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    The literature regarding ID/C is based on seminal writings of Marshall, followed by Giacomo Becattini’s rediscovering of the concept of an «industrial district». But the concept of a «cluster» was also promoted during the 1980s by Porter, and highlighted the importance of geographically clustered and interconnected firms and institutions specialised in a particular field. Despite the model of ID/C has been often described as locally self-contained, various empirical researches and our analysis have pointed out its increasing involvement in the process of internationalization. The recent entry and exit of MNEs, and the phenomena of off-shoring did not question the model of ID/C per se, but it contributed to showing how interwoven the evolution of local economies and MNEs is.

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    Article provided by Asociación Española de Ciencia Regional in its journal INVESTIGACIONES REGIONALES - Journal of REGIONAL RESEARCH.

    Volume (Year): (2015)
    Issue (Month): 32 ()
    Pages: 89-113

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    Handle: RePEc:ris:invreg:0295
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