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On the Role Played by Temporary Geographical Proximity in Knowledge Transmission

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  • Andre Torre

Abstract

Torre A. On the role played by temporary geographical proximity in knowledge transmission, Regional Studies. This paper defends the thesis that geographical proximity remains essential for knowledge transfer, but not often implies the co-location of innovation and research activities. The need for geographical proximity now mostly affects certain stages of the process of production, research or development. Short- or medium-term visits are often sufficient for the partners to exchange the information needed for cooperation. The mobility of individuals makes it possible to implement this mechanism. Temporary geographical proximity implies a strong relation to space, but one that differs in nature from that described by the traditional approaches. [image omitted] Torre A. Role de la proximite geographique temporaire dans la transmission de la connaissance, Regional Studies. Dans cet article, nous defendons la these selon laquelle la proximite geographique demeure essentielle au transfert des connaissances mais qu'elle n'implique pas souvent la co-localisation d'activites d'innovation et de recherche. La necessite de la proximite geographique affecte surtout, aujourd'hui, certaines etapes des processus de production, de recherche et de developpement. Les visites a court ou moyen terme suffisent souvent aux partenaires pour echanger des informations necessaires a leur cooperation. La mobilite des individus permet de mettre en œuvre ce mecanisme. La proximite geographique temporaire induit une forte relation a l'espace mais une relation qui differe en nature de celle qui est decrite par les approches classiques. Proximite geographique Proximite organisee Ubiquite Agregats Torre A. Die Rolle der vorubergehenden geografischen Nahe zur Wissensubertragung, Regional Studies. In diesem Artikel verteidigen wir die These, dass eine geografische Nahe zur Wissensubertragung nach wie vor unverzichtbar ist, aber oft keinen gemeinsamen Standort der Innovations- und Forschungsarbeit voraussetzt. Die Notwendigkeit einer geografischen Nahe betrifft heute meistens bestimmte Phasen im Produktions-, Forschungs- oder Entwicklungsprozess. Oft sind kurze oder mittellange Besuche fur die Partner ausreichend, um die fur eine Zusammenarbeit benotigten Informationen auszutauschen. Die Mobilitat der einzelnen Personen macht eine Umsetzung dieses Mechanismus moglich. Eine vorubergehende geografische Nahe setzt eine enge Verbindung zum Raum voraus, deren Beschaffenheit jedoch von den Beschreibungen der traditionellen Ansatze abweicht. Geografische Nahe Organisierte Nahe Ubiquitat Cluster Torre A. El papel desempenado por la proximidad geografica temporal en la transmision de conocimiento, Regional Studies. En este articulo defendemos la tesis de que la proximidad geografica sigue siendo un factor fundamental para la transferencia de conocimientos aunque esto no suele implicar la ubicacion conjunta de las actividades de innovacion y las de investigacion. La necesidad de proximidad geografica ahora afecta sobre todo a ciertas fases del proceso de produccion, investigacion y desarrollo. Las visitas a corto o medio plazo son con frecuencia suficientes para que los socios intercambien la informacion que necesitan para cooperar. La movilidad de los individuos facilita la aplicacion de este mecanismo. La proximidad geografica temporal entrana una estrecha relacion en el espacio pero que difiere en naturaleza de la que se describe en enfoques tradicionales. Proximidad geografica Proximidad organizada Ubicuidad Agrupaciones

Suggested Citation

  • Andre Torre, 2008. "On the Role Played by Temporary Geographical Proximity in Knowledge Transmission," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 42(6), pages 869-889.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:42:y:2008:i:6:p:869-889
    DOI: 10.1080/00343400801922814
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