IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this article

On the Role Played by Temporary Geographical Proximity in Knowledge Transmission


  • Andre Torre


Torre A. On the role played by temporary geographical proximity in knowledge transmission, Regional Studies. This paper defends the thesis that geographical proximity remains essential for knowledge transfer, but not often implies the co-location of innovation and research activities. The need for geographical proximity now mostly affects certain stages of the process of production, research or development. Short- or medium-term visits are often sufficient for the partners to exchange the information needed for cooperation. The mobility of individuals makes it possible to implement this mechanism. Temporary geographical proximity implies a strong relation to space, but one that differs in nature from that described by the traditional approaches. [image omitted] Torre A. Role de la proximite geographique temporaire dans la transmission de la connaissance, Regional Studies. Dans cet article, nous defendons la these selon laquelle la proximite geographique demeure essentielle au transfert des connaissances mais qu'elle n'implique pas souvent la co-localisation d'activites d'innovation et de recherche. La necessite de la proximite geographique affecte surtout, aujourd'hui, certaines etapes des processus de production, de recherche et de developpement. Les visites a court ou moyen terme suffisent souvent aux partenaires pour echanger des informations necessaires a leur cooperation. La mobilite des individus permet de mettre en œuvre ce mecanisme. La proximite geographique temporaire induit une forte relation a l'espace mais une relation qui differe en nature de celle qui est decrite par les approches classiques. Proximite geographique Proximite organisee Ubiquite Agregats Torre A. Die Rolle der vorubergehenden geografischen Nahe zur Wissensubertragung, Regional Studies. In diesem Artikel verteidigen wir die These, dass eine geografische Nahe zur Wissensubertragung nach wie vor unverzichtbar ist, aber oft keinen gemeinsamen Standort der Innovations- und Forschungsarbeit voraussetzt. Die Notwendigkeit einer geografischen Nahe betrifft heute meistens bestimmte Phasen im Produktions-, Forschungs- oder Entwicklungsprozess. Oft sind kurze oder mittellange Besuche fur die Partner ausreichend, um die fur eine Zusammenarbeit benotigten Informationen auszutauschen. Die Mobilitat der einzelnen Personen macht eine Umsetzung dieses Mechanismus moglich. Eine vorubergehende geografische Nahe setzt eine enge Verbindung zum Raum voraus, deren Beschaffenheit jedoch von den Beschreibungen der traditionellen Ansatze abweicht. Geografische Nahe Organisierte Nahe Ubiquitat Cluster Torre A. El papel desempenado por la proximidad geografica temporal en la transmision de conocimiento, Regional Studies. En este articulo defendemos la tesis de que la proximidad geografica sigue siendo un factor fundamental para la transferencia de conocimientos aunque esto no suele implicar la ubicacion conjunta de las actividades de innovacion y las de investigacion. La necesidad de proximidad geografica ahora afecta sobre todo a ciertas fases del proceso de produccion, investigacion y desarrollo. Las visitas a corto o medio plazo son con frecuencia suficientes para que los socios intercambien la informacion que necesitan para cooperar. La movilidad de los individuos facilita la aplicacion de este mecanismo. La proximidad geografica temporal entrana una estrecha relacion en el espacio pero que difiere en naturaleza de la que se describe en enfoques tradicionales. Proximidad geografica Proximidad organizada Ubicuidad Agrupaciones

Suggested Citation

  • Andre Torre, 2008. "On the Role Played by Temporary Geographical Proximity in Knowledge Transmission," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 42(6), pages 869-889.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:42:y:2008:i:6:p:869-889
    DOI: 10.1080/00343400801922814

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: Access to full text is restricted to subscribers.

    File URL:
    LibKey link: if access is restricted and if your library uses this service, LibKey will redirect you to where you can use your library subscription to access this item

    As the access to this document is restricted, you may want to search for a different version of it.

    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Peter Maskell & Harald Bathelt & Anders Malmberg, 2005. "Building Global Knowledge Pipelines The Role of Temporary Clusters," DRUID Working Papers 05-20, DRUID, Copenhagen Business School, Department of Industrial Economics and Strategy/Aalborg University, Department of Business Studies.
    2. Peter Maskell & Harald Bathelt & Anders Malmberg, 2005. "Building global knowledge pipelines: The role of temporary clusters," European Planning Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 14(8), pages 997-1013, September.
    3. Wagner, Alfred, 1891. "Marshall's Principles of Economics," History of Economic Thought Articles, McMaster University Archive for the History of Economic Thought, vol. 5, pages 319-338.
    4. Steven Klepper, 2002. "The capabilities of new firms and the evolution of the US automobile industry," Industrial and Corporate Change, Oxford University Press, vol. 11(4), pages 645-666, August.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Most related items

    These are the items that most often cite the same works as this one and are cited by the same works as this one.
    1. Lucio Biggiero, 2006. "Industrial and knowledge relocation strategies under the challenges of globalization and digitalization: the move of small and medium enterprises among territorial systems," Entrepreneurship & Regional Development, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 18(6), pages 443-471, November.
    2. Florin PAUN & Philippe RICHARD, 2010. "The Criticity Of The Asymmetries’ Management In The Technology Transfer Process Case Study On The Onera Sme Strategy," Working Papers 18, Réseau de Recherche sur l’Innovation. / Research Network on Innovation.
    3. Yang, Chia-Hsuan & Nugent, Rebecca & Fuchs, Erica R.H., 2016. "Gains from others’ losses: Technology trajectories and the global division of firms," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 45(3), pages 724-745.
    4. Aldebert, Bénédicte & Dang, Rani J. & Longhi, Christian, 2011. "Innovation in the tourism industry: The case of Tourism@," Tourism Management, Elsevier, vol. 32(5), pages 1204-1213.
    5. Fitjar, Rune Dahl & Rodríguez-Pose, Andrés, 2013. "Firm collaboration and modes of innovation in Norway," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 42(1), pages 128-138.
    6. Ren Lu & Ruikan Zhang & Torger Reve, 2013. "Relations among Clusters in Six Chinese City Regions," European Planning Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 21(8), pages 1189-1209, August.
    7. T. Storme & J.R. Faulconbridge & J.V. Beaverstock & B. Derudder & F. Witlox, 2017. "Mobility and Professional Networks in Academia: An Exploration of the Obligations of Presence," Mobilities, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 12(3), pages 405-424, May.
    8. DâIppolito,Beatrice & Miozzo,Marcela & Consoli,Davide, 2012. "Knowledge systematisation and the development of a business function: the case of design," INGENIO (CSIC-UPV) Working Paper Series 201202, INGENIO (CSIC-UPV), revised 30 May 2012.
    9. Tomàs Fernández-de-Sevilla & Armando J Dalla Costa, 2017. "The formation and take-off of the Sao Paulo automobile-industry cluster," Working Papers 17014, Economic History Society.
    10. Bahlmann, M.D. & Huysman, M.H. & Elfring, T., 2009. "Global pipelines or global buzz? : a micro-level approach towards the knowledge-based view of clusters," Serie Research Memoranda 0002, VU University Amsterdam, Faculty of Economics, Business Administration and Econometrics.
    11. Frédéric Rychen & Jean-Benoît Zimmermann, 2009. "Industrial Clusters and the Knowledge Based Economy : from open to distributed structures ?," Working Papers halshs-00353425, HAL.
    12. Bahlmann, R.D. & Huysman, M.H. & Elfring, T., 2008. "Clusters as vehicles for entrepreneurial innovation and new idea generation : a critical assessment," Serie Research Memoranda 0013, VU University Amsterdam, Faculty of Economics, Business Administration and Econometrics.
    13. Anders Malmberg & Peter Maskell, 2010. "An Evolutionary Approach to Localized Learning and Spatial Clustering," Chapters, in: Ron Boschma & Ron Martin (ed.), The Handbook of Evolutionary Economic Geography, chapter 18, Edward Elgar Publishing.
    14. A.J. Arnold, 2017. "Capital reduction case law decisions and the development of the capital maintenance doctrine in late-nineteenth-century England," Accounting and Business Research, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 47(2), pages 172-190, February.
    15. SAITO Yukiko, 2013. "Role of Hub Firms in Geographical Transaction Network," Discussion papers 13080, Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry (RIETI).
    16. Emanuela Marrocu & Raffaele Paci & Stefano Usai, 2013. "Productivity Growth In The Old And New Europe: The Role Of Agglomeration Externalities," Journal of Regional Science, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 53(3), pages 418-442, August.
    17. Duranton, Gilles & Jayet, Hubert, 2011. "Is the division of labour limited by the extent of the market? Evidence from French cities," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 69(1), pages 56-71, January.
    18. Kristien Werck & Bruno Heyndels & Benny Geys, 2008. "The impact of ‘central places’ on spatial spending patterns: evidence from Flemish local government cultural expenditures," Journal of Cultural Economics, Springer;The Association for Cultural Economics International, vol. 32(1), pages 35-58, March.
    19. Evert-Jan Visser & Oedzge Atzema, 2007. "With or Without Clusters: Facilitating Innovation through a Differentiated and Combined Network Approach," European Planning Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 16(9), pages 1169-1188, April.
    20. Ramesh Chandra & Roger J. Sandilands, 2021. "Nicholas Kaldor, increasing returns and Verdoorn’s Law," Journal of Post Keynesian Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 44(2), pages 315-339, April.


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:42:y:2008:i:6:p:869-889. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: . General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a bibliographic reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: Chris Longhurst (email available below). General contact details of provider: .

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.