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Unilingues ou bilingues? Les Montréalais sur le marché du travail en 1901


  • MacKinnon, Mary

    (Département d’économie, Université McGill)


This paper uses a sample of records from the 1901 Census of Canada to estimate returns to bilingualism for English and French mother tongue men in Montreal. Both anglophones and francophones gained from bilingualism, and the returns to bilingualism for both groups appear to have been somewhat higher than for men in the 1960s. In 1901, a bilingual, literate, francophone, on average earned about the same amount as a Roman Catholic, unilingual, anglophone. Bilingual Protestant anglophones had the highest average earnings. Cette étude utilise un échantillon du Recensement canadien de 1901 pour estimer le taux de rendement du bilinguisme pour les hommes de langue maternelle anglaise et française à Montréal. Le bilinguisme a profité aux anglophones et aux francophones; et la prime au bilinguisme pour les deux groupes semble quelque peu supérieure à celle des années 1960. En 1901, un francophone bilingue qui savait lire et écrire gagnait en moyenne à peu près le même revenu qu’un anglophone unilingue catholique. Les anglophones protestants bilingues obtenaient les revenus moyens les plus élevés.

Suggested Citation

  • MacKinnon, Mary, 2000. "Unilingues ou bilingues? Les Montréalais sur le marché du travail en 1901," L'Actualité Economique, Société Canadienne de Science Economique, vol. 76(1), pages 137-158, mars.
  • Handle: RePEc:ris:actuec:v:76:y:2000:i:1:p:137-158

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Nigel Tomes, 1983. "Religion and the Rate of Return on Human Capital: Evidence from Canada," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 16(1), pages 122-138, February.
    2. Calvin J. Veltman & Jac-Andre Boulet & Charles Castonguay, 1979. "The Economic Context of Bilingualism and Language Transfer in the Montreal Metropolitan Area," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 12(3), pages 468-479, August.
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    Cited by:

    1. Green, Alan & MacKinnon, Mary, 2001. "The Slow Assimilation of British Immigrants in Canada: Evidence from Montreal and Toronto, 1901," Explorations in Economic History, Elsevier, vol. 38(3), pages 315-338, July.

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