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Disparités linguistiques de revenu au Canada selon la langue parlée à la maison


  • Lavoie, Marc

    (Département de science économique, Université d’Ottawa)

  • Saint-Germain, Maurice

    (Département de science économique, Université d’Ottawa)


Data from the 1981 and 1986 census show that income differentials between Francophones and Anglophones are wider when measured through total income rather than labour income. Furthermore these differentials become much larger, except in Quebec, when language spoken at home rather than mother tongue is used as the linguistic base. Les données des recensements de 1981 et 1986 démontrent que les écarts bruts de revenus entre francophones et anglophones sont beaucoup plus substantiels lorsqu’on considère les revenus totaux plutôt que les revenus de travail. Cet écart défavorable aux francophones est nettement accentué si la base linguistique est la langue parlée à la maison plutôt que la langue maternelle, partout sauf au Québec.

Suggested Citation

  • Lavoie, Marc & Saint-Germain, Maurice, 1991. "Disparités linguistiques de revenu au Canada selon la langue parlée à la maison," L'Actualité Economique, Société Canadienne de Science Economique, vol. 67(3), pages 356-380, septembre.
  • Handle: RePEc:ris:actuec:v:67:y:1991:i:3:p:356-380

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. David E. Bloom & Gilles Grenier, 1991. "The Earnings of Linguistic Minorities: French in Canada and Spanish in the United States," NBER Working Papers 3660, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    2. Jac-Andre Boulet & J. C. R. Rowley, 1977. "Measurement of Discrimination in the Labour Market: Comment," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 10(1), pages 149-154, February.
    3. Calvin J. Veltman & Jac-Andre Boulet & Charles Castonguay, 1979. "The Economic Context of Bilingualism and Language Transfer in the Montreal Metropolitan Area," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 12(3), pages 468-479, August.
    4. Geoffrey Carliner, 1981. "Wage Differences by Language Group and the Market for Language Skills in Canada," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 16(3), pages 384-399.
    5. Rainer Knopff, 1986. "On Proving Discrimination: Statistical Methods and Unfolding Policy Logics," Canadian Public Policy, University of Toronto Press, vol. 12(4), pages 573-583, December.
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