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Mondialisation, emploi et chômage


  • Lacroix, Robert

    (Département de sciences économiques, Université de Montréal)


Some European countries that have been models of employment stability and low unemployment since the Second World War now find themselves with unemployment rates in excess of 10%. In contrast, the main concern of the United States, with its unemployment rate less than 5%, is the possibility of an overheated labour market and the resurgence of inflation. What has happened to create such a dramatic reversal of fortunes? Des pays européens, qui étaient depuis la Deuxième Guerre des modèles de stabilité de l’emploi et de taux de chômage très faibles, se retrouvent maintenant avec des taux de chômage excédant les 10 %. Aux États-Unis, par contre, la grande préoccupation, avec un taux de chômage légèrement inférieur à 5%, c’est la possibilité de surchauffe du marché du travail et la relance de l’inflation. Que s’est-il donc passé pour que l’on ait un renversement aussi dramatique de la situation?

Suggested Citation

  • Lacroix, Robert, 1997. "Mondialisation, emploi et chômage," L'Actualité Economique, Société Canadienne de Science Economique, vol. 73(4), pages 629-641, décembre.
  • Handle: RePEc:ris:actuec:v:73:y:1997:i:4:p:629-641

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Katharine G. Abraham & Susan N. Houseman, 1995. "Labor Adjustment under Different Institutional Structures: A Case Study of Germany and the United States," Book chapters authored by Upjohn Institute researchers,in: Friedrich Buttler & Wolfgang Franz & Ronald Schettkat & David Soskice (ed.), Institutional Frameworks and Labor Market Performance: Comparative Views on the U.S. and German Economies, pages 285-315 W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research.
    2. David Card & Richard B. Freeman, 1993. "Small Differences That Matter: Labor Markets and Income Maintenance in Canada and the United States," NBER Books, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc, number card93-1.
    3. repec:ubc:bricol:92-07 is not listed on IDEAS
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