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Local Labor Markets in Canada and the United States

Author

Listed:
  • David Albouy
  • Alex Chernoff
  • Chandler Lutz
  • Casey Warman

Abstract

We examine US and Canadian local labor markets from 1990 to 2011 using comparable household and business data. Wage levels and inequality rise with city population in both countries, albeit less in Canada. Neither country saw wage levels converge despite contrasting migration patterns from/to high-wage areas. Local labor demand shifts raise nominal wages similarly, although in Canada they attract immigrant and highly skilled workers more while raising housing costs less. Chinese import competition had a weaker negative impact on manufacturing employment in Canada. These results are consistent with Canada’s more redistributive transfer system and larger, more educated immigrant workforce.

Suggested Citation

  • David Albouy & Alex Chernoff & Chandler Lutz & Casey Warman, 2019. "Local Labor Markets in Canada and the United States," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 37(S2), pages 533-594.
  • Handle: RePEc:ucp:jlabec:doi:10.1086/703579
    DOI: 10.1086/703579
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Roland Meyer & Gert Brunekreeft & George Elias, 2020. "TOTEX Malmquist index for CPI-X regulation: Does it correctly estimate the true frontier shift?," Journal of Regulatory Economics, Springer, vol. 58(1), pages 78-97, August.
    2. Stuart A. Gabriel & Matteo Iacoviello & Chandler Lutz, 2020. "A Crisis of Missed Opportunities? Foreclosure Costs and Mortgage Modification During the Great Recession," Finance and Economics Discussion Series 2020-053, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • J21 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Force and Employment, Size, and Structure
    • J31 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials
    • J61 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Geographic Labor Mobility; Immigrant Workers
    • N32 - Economic History - - Labor and Consumers, Demography, Education, Health, Welfare, Income, Wealth, Religion, and Philanthropy - - - U.S.; Canada: 1913-
    • R12 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional Economic Activity; Interregional Trade (economic geography)

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