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The Demand of Car Rentals: a Microeconometric Approach with Count Models and Survey Data



    (Centre of Applied Economics Studies of the Atlantic the University of the Azores, Portugal)


    (Centre of Applied Economics Studies of the Atlantic at the Department of Economics and Management, the University of the Azores, Portugal; CERGE-EI, Charles University and the Academy of Sciences, Prague, Czech Republic)


This study analyzes the demand side of the tourism market in the Autonomous Region of the Azores, Portugal, ranked by National Geographic as the second island destination for sustainable tourism among 111 islands in the world. Due to the high frequency of car rentals, this region is a Òfly-and-driveÓ destination, experienced rapid growth in the tourism sector in recent years. It is well known that the excessive use of cars leads to negative externalities such as pollution and the degradation of roads. Considering ecological fragility, typical for small islands, it is crucial to investigate the extent of negative externalities for internalizing the congestion costs. This topic is very important in terms of policy-making for developing sustainable tourism destination as well as in a global environmental context, from the perspectives of "eco-taxes" used as instruments for enhancing environmental protection. A distinctive contribution of this study is the attention paid to the diversity of tourists used car rental services in the Azores. The demand function of car rentals is analyzed based on highly disaggregated, individual data containing a large number of tourists visited the Azores and the family of count models. Then, based on the price elasticity of demand for car rentals, the desired tax rates are suggested for internalizing the congestion costs.

Suggested Citation

  • Antonio Menezes & Ainura Uzagalieva, 2013. "The Demand of Car Rentals: a Microeconometric Approach with Count Models and Survey Data," Review of Economic Analysis, Rimini Centre for Economic Analysis, vol. 5(1), pages 25-41, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:ren:journl:v:5:y:2013:i:1:p:25-41

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. McAleer, Michael & Shareef, Riaz & da Veiga, Bernardo, 2005. "Risk Management of Daily Tourist Tax Revenues for the Maldives," Natural Resources Management Working Papers 12128, Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei (FEEM).
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    7. Bruno De Borger & John Peirson & Roger Vickerman, 2001. "An overview of policy instruments," Chapters,in: Reforming Transport Pricing in the European Union, chapter 2 Edward Elgar Publishing.
    8. Newbery, David M, 1990. "Pricing and Congestion: Economic Principles Relevant to Pricing Roads," Oxford Review of Economic Policy, Oxford University Press, vol. 6(2), pages 22-38, Summer.
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