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“Trade Liberalization with Chinese Characteristics”: Few Notes on PRC’s WTO Membership

Listed author(s):
  • Alexandru Butiseacă
  • Mihaela Iacob

There is a significant amount of published empirical studies that describe the relation of the People’s Republic of China with the World Trade Organization as the vehicle through which this country has reached the goal of opening further its domestic economy by freeing its foreign trade. If those ruling the Chinese people’s destiny saw in the WTO accession, along with the acceptance of its basic rules, a path that will lead them to the benefits and opportunities offered by some sectors’ liberalization, this judgment raises several concerns. An obvious one could be: Why not doing this unilaterally? Benefits might have been consistent. Not only that this would have been much easier, if the will of the Party, but the effects of opening market to other nations, within or outside the WTO, could have spurred earlier and stronger. Noteworthy is that many much economically freer countries are not yet members of the WTO. Then, if it is considered that the accession to this organization, by the values, rules and principles that it promotes, will allow any domestic economy to thrive, why do we assist to China’s failure in fulfilling all the WTO membership criteria and in complying with all the rules? In our opinion, Chinese authorities tried to accommodate pragmatically some liberalization to inspire trustworthiness for FDI with a boost for national companies still benefiting from public support and newly opened markets, thus seeking not pure freedom, but wise access to the workings of managed world trade.

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Article provided by Department of International Business and Economics from the Academy of Economic Studies Bucharest in its journal Romanian Economic Journal.

Volume (Year): 17 (2014)
Issue (Month): 52 (June)
Pages: 137-156

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Handle: RePEc:rej:journl:v:17:y:2014:i:52:p:137-156
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  1. Deepak Bhattasali & Shantong Li & Will Martin, 2004. "China and the WTO : Accession, Policy Reform, and Poverty Reduction Strategies," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 14920, December.
  2. Pencea Sarmiza, 2012. "Modelul chinez de dezvoltare, în pragul schimbării," Revista OEconomica, Romanian Society for Economic Science, Revista OEconomica, issue 03, September.
  3. Iacob Mihaela, 2011. "Fetişizarea analizei cost-beneficiu în decizia publică de alocare a resurselor," Revista OEconomica, Romanian Society for Economic Science, Revista OEconomica, issue 04, December.
  4. Elena Ianchovichina & Will Martin, 2004. "Impacts of China's Accession to the World Trade Organization," World Bank Economic Review, World Bank Group, vol. 18(1), pages 3-27.
  5. Moşteanu Tatiana, Iacob Mihaela, 2010. "Criteriul Pareto şi cazul principial al “statului creator de bunuri publice”," Revista OEconomica, Romanian Society for Economic Science, Revista OEconomica, issue 01, March.
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