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The Relationship of Oil Prices and Economic Growthin Tunisia: A Vector Error Correction Model Analysis


  • Amaira Bouzid

    () (Faculty of Economic Sciences and Management of Tunis, El Manar University, Tunisia)


This paper seeks to investigate the causal relationship between oil prices and economic growth in Tunisia over a period from 1960 to 2009. The empirical analysis starts by analyzing the time series properties of the data which is followed by examining the nature of causality among the variables. Tunisian is not oil producing rather oil-importing country. An increase in oil price decrease economic growth. The rising oil prices are the major concern for all the developing economies and Tunisian is suffering from it too. The increase in oil price has further effect the daily consumption pattern of households badly. This study analyzes that, how change in real crude oil price effects the real GDP of Tunisia negatively and many other factors differently. The results show that both series are integrated of order one (I(1)), the existence of a long-term relationship between energy prices and economic growth and Granger pairwise causality test revealed unidirectional causality from real GDP to oil prices.

Suggested Citation

  • Amaira Bouzid, 2012. "The Relationship of Oil Prices and Economic Growthin Tunisia: A Vector Error Correction Model Analysis," Romanian Economic Journal, Department of International Business and Economics from the Academy of Economic Studies Bucharest, vol. 15(43), pages 3-22, March.
  • Handle: RePEc:rej:journl:v:15:y:2012:i:43:p:3-22

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Granger, C. W. J., 1988. "Some recent development in a concept of causality," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 39(1-2), pages 199-211.
    2. Peter Ferderer, J., 1996. "Oil price volatility and the macroeconomy," Journal of Macroeconomics, Elsevier, vol. 18(1), pages 1-26.
    3. Nathan S. Balke & Stephen P.A. Brown & Mine K. Yucel, 2002. "Oil Price Shocks and the U.S. Economy: Where Does the Asymmetry Originate?," The Energy Journal, International Association for Energy Economics, vol. 0(Number 3), pages 27-52.
    4. Granger, C W J, 1969. "Investigating Causal Relations by Econometric Models and Cross-Spectral Methods," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 37(3), pages 424-438, July.
    5. Johansen, Soren, 1988. "Statistical analysis of cointegration vectors," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 12(2-3), pages 231-254.
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    Cited by:

    1. Bilal Mehmood & Amna Shahid & Saddam Ilyas, 2015. "Co-integration Analysis of Aviation Demand and Economic Growth in Philippines," International Journal of Economics and Empirical Research (IJEER), The Economics and Social Development Organization (TESDO), vol. 3(6), pages 271-277, June.
    2. Bilal Mehmood & Zahid Irshad Younas & Amna Shahid, 2014. "Aviation Demand as Covariate of Economic Growth in Bangladesh: Cointegration Estimation and Causality Analysis," International Journal of Economics and Empirical Research (IJEER), The Economics and Social Development Organization (TESDO), vol. 2(8), pages 301-307, August.
    3. repec:gam:jecomi:v:6:y:2018:i:1:p:16-:d:135175 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Mohd Shahidan Shaari & Tan Lee Pei & Hafizah Abdul Rahim, 2013. "Effects of Oil Price Shocks on the Economic Sectors in Malaysia," International Journal of Energy Economics and Policy, Econjournals, vol. 3(4), pages 360-366.
    5. Bilal Mehmood & Acleo Feliceo & Amna Shahid, 2014. "What Causes What? Aviation Demand And Economic Growth In Romania: Cointegration Estimation And Causality Analysis," Romanian Economic Business Review, Romanian-American University, vol. 9(1), pages 21-33, March.

    More about this item


    Oil price; Economic Growth; Cointegration; Granger Causality and VECM;

    JEL classification:

    • C51 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric Modeling - - - Model Construction and Estimation
    • O11 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development
    • Q51 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Valuation of Environmental Effects


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