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Relaciones entre democracia y desarrollo en los países andinos. Una reflexión desde la economía política

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  • Édgard Moncayo Jiménez

    () (Investigador independiente)

Abstract

Democratic governance during the last two decades in the Andean countries contrasts sharply with low levels of economic growth and the increase in unemployment and poverty. This essay argues that the Gordian knot of this paradox is the high level of inequality in income distribution. This inequality is the cause and consequence of the malfunctioning of the economic and the political system, since economic elites control political power and create institutions and policies that reflect the interests of the wealthy rather than the common interest. This creates a vicious circle in which “controlled” democracy reproduces and expands the inequalities that bore it.

Suggested Citation

  • Édgard Moncayo Jiménez, 2006. "Relaciones entre democracia y desarrollo en los países andinos. Una reflexión desde la economía política," Revista de Economía Institucional, Universidad Externado de Colombia - Facultad de Economía, vol. 8(14), pages 167-190, January-J.
  • Handle: RePEc:rei:ecoins:v:8:y:2006:i:14:p:167-190
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    File URL: http://www.uexternado.edu.co/facecono/ecoinstitucional/workingpapers/emoncayo14.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Barro, Robert J, 1996. "Democracy and Growth," Journal of Economic Growth, Springer, vol. 1(1), pages 1-27, March.
    2. Aaron Tornell & Gerardo Esquivel Hernández, 1997. "The Political Economy of Mexico's Entry into NAFTA," NBER Chapters,in: Regionalism versus Multilateral Trade Arrangements, NBER-EASE Volume 6, pages 25-56 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    3. Daron Acemoglu & Simon Johnson & James Robinson, 2004. "Institutions as the Fundamental Cause of Long-Run Growth," NBER Working Papers 10481, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    4. Dani Rodrik, 2000. "Institutions for High-Quality Growth: What They are and How to Acquire Them," NBER Working Papers 7540, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    5. Easterly, William & Levine, Ross, 2003. "Tropics, germs, and crops: how endowments influence economic development," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 50(1), pages 3-39, January.
    6. Cecilia Garcia-Penalosa & Eve Caroli & Philippe Aghion, 1999. "Inequality and Economic Growth: The Perspective of the New Growth Theories," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 37(4), pages 1615-1660, December.
    7. Solimano, Andrés, 2003. "Governance crisis and the Andean region: a political economy analysis," Macroeconomía del Desarrollo 23, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL).
    8. Daron Acemoglu & Simon Johnson & James A. Robinson, 2001. "The Colonial Origins of Comparative Development: An Empirical Investigation," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 91(5), pages 1369-1401, December.
    9. repec:dau:papers:123456789/10091 is not listed on IDEAS
    10. Daron Acemoglu & Simon Johnson & James A. Robinson, 2002. "Reversal of Fortune: Geography and Institutions in the Making of the Modern World Income Distribution," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 117(4), pages 1231-1294.
    11. Torsten Persson, 2002. "Do Political Institutions Shape Economic Policy?," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 70(3), pages 883-905, May.
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    13. Stanley L. Engerman & Kenneth L. Sokoloff, 2005. "Colonialism, Inequality, and Long-Run Paths of Development," NBER Working Papers 11057, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    democracy; development; income distribution; political economy;

    JEL classification:

    • H11 - Public Economics - - Structure and Scope of Government - - - Structure and Scope of Government
    • O15 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Economic Development: Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration

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