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La gobernanza de una frágil Eurozona

Author

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  • Paul De Grauwe

Abstract

Cuando los países entran en una unión monetaria, se modifica radicalmente el carácter de su deuda soberana: pierden el control de la moneda en que emiten su deuda. Los mercados financieros pueden entonces forzar a los soberanos de estos países a un incumplimiento. En este sentido, estos países descienden al estatus de economías emergentes. Esto lleva a que la unión sea monetaria frágil y vulnerable al cambio de sentimientos en el mercado. Y hace posible que surjan equilibrios múltiples que se cumplen por sí mismos. Analizo las implicaciones de esta fragilidad para la gobernanza de la Eurozona. Concluyo que la nueva estructura de gobernanza no reconoce suficientemente esta fragilidad. Algunas de las características de la nueva ayuda financiera pueden aumentar esta fragilidad. Además, es probable que los países miembros pierdan capacidad para usar los estabilizadores automáticos durante una recesión. Este es un retroceso en la larga historia de progreso social en Europa. Sugiero un enfoque diferente para tratar estos problemas.

Suggested Citation

  • Paul De Grauwe, 2011. "La gobernanza de una frágil Eurozona," Revista de Economía Institucional, Universidad Externado de Colombia - Facultad de Economía, vol. 13(25), pages 13-41, July-Dece.
  • Handle: RePEc:rei:ecoins:v:13:y:2011:i:25:p:13-41
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    File URL: http://www.uexternado.edu.co/facecono/ecoinstitucional/workingpapers/pdegrauwe25.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Pierre-Olivier Gourinchas & Hélène Rey, 2007. "From World Banker to World Venture Capitalist: U.S. External Adjustment and the Exorbitant Privilege," NBER Chapters,in: G7 Current Account Imbalances: Sustainability and Adjustment, pages 11-66 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    2. Kopf, Christian, 2011. "Restoring financial stability in the euro area," CEPS Papers 4292, Centre for European Policy Studies.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Eurozona; Banco Central Europeo; unión monetaria; equilibrios múltiples; crisis de deuda; prestamista de última instancia;

    JEL classification:

    • F30 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - General
    • F33 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - International Monetary Arrangements and Institutions

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