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Taxation, Investment and Asset Pricing

Author

Listed:
  • Marika Santoro

    (Congressional Budget Office)

  • Chao Wei

    (George Washington University)

Abstract

This paper studies the impact of dividend and corporate income taxes on investment and asset returns in a stochastic general equilibrium model. Under the "new" view of dividend taxation (e.g. Poterba and Summers, 1985), proportional dividend taxes do not distort investment decisions, and thus have no impact on asset returns. By contrast, we find that corporate income taxes introduce additional tax-related risk factors into the economy by distorting investment decisions. We uncover a mechanism through which corporate taxes amplify the responses of consumption and investment to technology shocks, and consequently lead to a lower risk-free interest rate and a higher equity premium. This amplification mechanism is the strongest when there exists a strong preference for consumption smoothing and high costs of adjusting the capital stock. (Copyright: Elsevier)

Suggested Citation

  • Marika Santoro & Chao Wei, 2011. "Taxation, Investment and Asset Pricing," Review of Economic Dynamics, Elsevier for the Society for Economic Dynamics, vol. 14(3), pages 443-454, July.
  • Handle: RePEc:red:issued:09-164
    DOI: 10.1016/j.red.2010.09.002
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. François Gourio & Jianjun Miao, 2010. "Firm Heterogeneity and the Long-Run Effects of Dividend Tax Reform," American Economic Journal: Macroeconomics, American Economic Association, vol. 2(1), pages 131-168, January.
    2. Hassett, Kevin A. & Hubbard, R. Glenn, 2002. "Tax policy and business investment," Handbook of Public Economics,in: A. J. Auerbach & M. Feldstein (ed.), Handbook of Public Economics, edition 1, volume 3, chapter 20, pages 1293-1343 Elsevier.
    3. James M. Poterba & Lawrence H. Summers, 1984. "The Economic Effects of Dividend Taxation," Working papers 343, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Department of Economics.
    4. Lai, Tsong-Yue, 1989. "An Equilibrium Model of Asset Pricing with Progressive Personal Taxes," Journal of Financial and Quantitative Analysis, Cambridge University Press, vol. 24(01), pages 117-127, March.
    5. Chang, Ly-June, 1995. "Business cycles with distorting taxes and disaggregated capital markets," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 19(5-7), pages 985-1009.
    6. Lawrence J. Christiano & Michele Boldrin & Jonas D. M. Fisher, 2001. "Habit Persistence, Asset Returns, and the Business Cycle," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 91(1), pages 149-166, March.
    7. Gordon, Roger H & Wilson, John Douglas, 1989. "Measuring the Efficiency Cost of Taxing Risky Capital Income," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 79(3), pages 427-439, June.
    8. Jermann, Urban J., 1998. "Asset pricing in production economies," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 41(2), pages 257-275, April.
    9. Greenwood, Jeremy & Huffman, Gregory W., 1991. "Tax analysis in a real-business-cycle model : On measuring Harberger triangles and Okun gaps," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 27(2), pages 167-190, April.
    10. Danthine, Jean-Pierre & Donaldson, John B., 1985. "A note on the effects of capital income taxation on the dynamics of a competitive economy," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 28(2), pages 255-265, November.
    11. Robert E. Lucas & Jr., 1967. "Adjustment Costs and the Theory of Supply," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 75, pages 321-321.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Peter A. Schmid, 2013. "The destabilizing effect of company income taxation," Society and Economy, Akadémiai Kiadó, Hungary, vol. 35(3), pages 365-388, September.
    2. François Gourio, 2013. "Credit Risk and Disaster Risk," American Economic Journal: Macroeconomics, American Economic Association, vol. 5(3), pages 1-34, July.
    3. Marika Santoro, 2015. "Long-term Gain, Short-Term Pain; Assessing the Potential Impact of Structural Reforms in Chile," IMF Working Papers 15/282, International Monetary Fund.
    4. Anagnostopoulos, Alexis & Cárceles-Poveda, Eva & Lin, Danmo, 2012. "Dividend and capital gains taxation under incomplete markets," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 59(7), pages 599-611.
    5. Orhan Atesagaoglu & Eva Carceles-Poveda & Alexis Anagnostopoulos, 2014. "Capital Income Taxation with Household and Firm Heterogeneity," 2014 Meeting Papers 525, Society for Economic Dynamics.
    6. Huang-Meier, Winifred & Freeman, Mark C. & Mazouz, Khelifa, 2015. "Why are aggregate equity payouts pro-cyclical?," Journal of Macroeconomics, Elsevier, vol. 44(C), pages 98-108.
    7. Alexis Anagnostopoulos & Orhan Erem Atesagaoglu & Eva Carceles-Poveda, 2014. "On the Double Taxation of Corporate Profits," Department of Economics Working Papers 14-03, Stony Brook University, Department of Economics.
    8. Thien Nguyen & Lukas Schmid & Howard Kung & Mariano Croce, 2012. "Fiscal Policies and Asset Prices," 2012 Meeting Papers 565, Society for Economic Dynamics.
    9. Gourio, François, 2012. "Macroeconomic implications of time-varying risk premia," Working Paper Series 1463, European Central Bank.
    10. Marika Santoro & Chao Wei, 2011. "The Welfare Cost of Capital Taxation: An Asset Market Approach (Working Paper 2011-03)," Working Papers 41152, Congressional Budget Office.
    11. Santoro, Marika & Wei, Chao, 2013. "The marginal welfare cost of capital taxation: Discounting matters," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 37(4), pages 897-909.
    12. International Monetary Fund, 2015. "Chile; Selected Issues," IMF Staff Country Reports 15/228, International Monetary Fund.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Dividend taxes; Corporate taxes; Risk-free rate; Equity premium; Amplification mechanism;

    JEL classification:

    • E44 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy
    • H24 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Personal Income and Other Nonbusiness Taxes and Subsidies
    • H25 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Business Taxes and Subsidies

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