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The Need of Project Capabilities in Project Based Organizations


  • GRIMM, Nina


Whereas in functional organizations projects are used to drive special business activities, in project based organizations the project is the main business activity. They are characterized by a flexible and innovative form of executing projects in a dynamic and uncertain environment. In this paper an overview is given about the special characteristics of project based organizations and their success factors. From this the need for project capabilities is derived, as they are the source to reach the success factors. The close connection between success factors of project based organizations and the establishment of project capabilities is therefore developed. Then the question of how project capabilities can be build is addressed. Especially explanatory and exploitative learning methods are examined for this. The paper draws special attention to theoretical frameworks for capability building. A thorough understanding of this topic shows the necessity of building capabilities and future specialized research for practical work.

Suggested Citation

  • GRIMM, Nina, 2014. "The Need of Project Capabilities in Project Based Organizations," Romanian Distribution Committee Magazine, Romanian Distribution Committee, vol. 5(1), pages 24-29, March.
  • Handle: RePEc:rdc:journl:v:5:y:2014:i:1:p:24-29

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Tessa Melkonian & Thierry Picq, 2011. "Building Project Capabilities in PBOs : Lessons from the French Special Forces," Post-Print hal-02312571, HAL.
    2. Hobday, Mike, 2000. "The project-based organisation: an ideal form for managing complex products and systems?," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 29(7-8), pages 871-893, August.
    3. Elke Schüßler & Lauri Wessel & Martin Gersch, 2012. "Taking Stock: Capability Development in Interorganizational Projects," Schmalenbach Business Review (sbr), LMU Munich School of Management, vol. 64(3), pages 171-186, July.
    4. Turner, J.R. & Keegan, A. & Crawford, L., 2000. "Learning by Experience in the Project-Bases Organization," ERIM Report Series Research in Management ERS-2000-58-ORG, Erasmus Research Institute of Management (ERIM), ERIM is the joint research institute of the Rotterdam School of Management, Erasmus University and the Erasmus School of Economics (ESE) at Erasmus University Rotterdam.
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    More about this item


    Project-based organization; Project capabilities; Project success factors;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • O22 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Development Planning and Policy - - - Project Analysis
    • M12 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Business Administration - - - Personnel Management; Executives; Executive Compensation
    • L2 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior


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