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Violence in Mexico: An economic rationale of crime and its impacts

Listed author(s):
  • Enrique Leonardo Kato Vidal

    ()

    (Universidad Autonoma de Querétaro.)

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    La violencia se identifica como un obstaculo para el crecimiento economico en Mexico. Este articulo tiene un objetivo doble: 1) explicar la alta incidencia de homicidios y 2) estimar el impacto de la violencia sobre la economia. La ecuacion utilizada a la Becker se compone de los beneficios y costos de optar por la actividad criminal. La estimacion se realizo con un panel dinamico con datos trimestrales de las 32 entidades federativas. Se hallo que una mayor tasa de sentencias podria inhibir el surgimiento de la violencia, en cambio una mayor tasa de participacion laboral incentiva mayor incidencia delictiva. Tambien se encontro que un aumento del crimen incide negativamente sobre el salario y la tasa de empleadores. A pesar de la fuerte inercia de la violencia es posible reducir la tasa de homicidios si se logra incrementar la tasa de sentencias y un crecimiento economico que permita reducir el desempleo.

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    File URL: http://www.revistascientificas.udg.mx/index.php/EQ/article/view/4862/4542
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    Article provided by Universidad de Guadalajara, Centro Universitario de Ciencias Economico Administrativas, Departamento de Metodos Cuantitativos y Maestria en Economia. in its journal EconoQuantum, Revista de Economia y Negocios.

    Volume (Year): 12 (2015)
    Issue (Month): 2 (Julio-Diciembre)
    Pages: 93-108

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    Handle: RePEc:qua:journl:v:12:y:2015:i:2:p:93-108
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    1. Gaviria, Alejandro & Pages, Carmen, 2002. "Patterns of crime victimization in Latin American cities," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 67(1), pages 181-203, February.
    2. Gerardo Esquivel, 2011. "The Dynamics of Income Inequality in Mexico since NAFTA," ECONOMIA JOURNAL OF THE LATIN AMERICAN AND CARIBBEAN ECONOMIC ASSOCIATION, ECONOMIA JOURNAL OF THE LATIN AMERICAN AND CARIBBEAN ECONOMIC ASSOCIATION, vol. 0(Fall 2011), pages 155-188, August.
    3. Becker, Gary S, 1993. "Nobel Lecture: The Economic Way of Looking at Behavior," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 101(3), pages 385-409, June.
    4. Alvaro J. Riascos & Juan F. Vargas, 2011. "Violence and growth in Colombia: A review of the quantitative literature," Economics of Peace and Security Journal, Economists for Peace and Security, vol. 6(2), pages 15-20, July.
    5. Enamorado, Ted & López-Calva, Luis F. & Rodríguez-Castelán, Carlos, 2014. "Crime and growth convergence: Evidence from Mexico," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 125(1), pages 9-13.
    6. Mehlum, Halvor & Moene, Karl & Torvik, Ragnar, 2005. "Crime induced poverty traps," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 77(2), pages 325-340, August.
    7. GholamReza Keshavarz Haddad & Hamed Markazi Moghadam, 2011. "The socioeconomic and demographic determinants of crime in Iran (a regional panel study)," European Journal of Law and Economics, Springer, vol. 32(1), pages 99-114, August.
    8. Eric D. Gould & Bruce A. Weinberg & David B. Mustard, 2002. "Crime Rates And Local Labor Market Opportunities In The United States: 1979-1997," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 84(1), pages 45-61, February.
    9. Manuel Arellano & Stephen Bond, 1991. "Some Tests of Specification for Panel Data: Monte Carlo Evidence and an Application to Employment Equations," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 58(2), pages 277-297.
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