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Les théories de la justice distributive post-rawlsiennes. Une revue de la littérature

  • Denis Maguain
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    [fre] Les théories de la justice distributive post-rawlsiennes Le but de cet essai est de présenter la littérature consacrée au problème de la justice distributive dans le champ de la philosophie politique de tradition rawlsienne, au regard du concept de la responsabilité. Après avoir rappelé la théorie de Rawls, socle des théories égalitaristes modernes, laquelle prône l'égalisation de certains biens sociaux, nous présentons l'approche de Sen, qui met davantage l'accent sur les opportunités de réalisation des individus au sein de la société. La contribution de Kolm en matière d'égalitarisme est également soulignée. Les théories de l'égalité des ressources (incluant divers talents et handicaps) de Dworkin et de « plus grande liberté réelle pour tous » de van Parijs sont mises en relief, pour ensuite passer en revue les théories récentes de l'égalité des chances développées par des auteurs comme Arneson, Cohen, Roemer, Fleurbaey ou encore Bossert. [eng] Post-rawlsian distributive justice theories: a survey The purpose of this essay is to review the literature devoted to distributive justice in the Rawlsian tradition of political philosophy, with a concern for the treatment of the notion of responsibility. After reviewing the theory of Rawls - founding theory of modem egalitarianism - which advocates equalization of some social goods, we present Sen's approach which emphasizes "capabilities to function" for individuals in society. The egalitarian view of Kolm is underlined too. The theories of equality of resources (including innate talents and handicaps) of Dworkin and of "real-freedom-for-all" of van Parijs are highlighted for then surveying recent equality-of-opportunity theories developed by authors such as Arneson, Cohen, Roemer, Fleurbaey or Bossert.

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    Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Revue économique.

    Volume (Year): 53 (2002)
    Issue (Month): 2 ()
    Pages: 165-199

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    Handle: RePEc:prs:reveco:reco_0035-2764_2002_num_53_2_410399
    Note: DOI:10.3406/reco.2002.410399
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