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Une critique opérationnelle du welfarisme dans la prise de décision publique

  • Antoinette Baujard

    (CREM - Centre de Recherche en Economie et Management - CNRS : UMR6211 - Université de Rennes I - Université de Caen)

L'objectif des décideurs publics est de maximiser le bien-être social, donc de satisfaire au mieux les préférences individuelles de la population. Dans quelle mesure les dispositifs de collecte d'informations sur ces préférences affectent-t-ils la qualité et l'interprétation de la décision publique ?L'article présente un modèle d'allocation d'une subvention au transport public ou privé. Les préférences individuelles sont inférées, de façon agrégée, des comportements des agents qui choisissent l'un ou l'autre dans différents contextes de choix. L'adaptation des techniques de calcul de probabilité des paradoxes de vote élaborées par Saari permet d'évaluer et d'analyser la perte d'information due à ces conditions particulières de collecte. Trois conclusions sont alors établies : sur la fiabilité de l'information et la qualité de la décision, sur la formulation des modèles et sur la mise en œuvre du welfarisme.

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Paper provided by HAL in its series Post-Print with number halshs-00155130.

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Date of creation: 2006
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Publication status: Published, Economie et Prévision, 2006, 175-176, 4-5, 51-63
Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:halshs-00155130
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