Informatisation, recherche et productivité
[fre] Menée sur de grands échantillons d'entreprises des secteurs industriels et des services et commerces, pour les années 1984 et 1992, l'étude caractérise les savoirs spécifiques des entreprises en matière de recherche et d'informatique, à partir des effectifs de chercheurs, de chargés d'études, d'informaticiens et d'électroniciens, tels qu'ils peuvent être mesurés dans les enquêtes sur la structure des emplois. Elle montre que ces savoirs ont des effets positifs significatifs sur la productivité, effets qui vont bien au-delà de ceux liés à la qualification générale des personnels. [eng] Computerization, research and productivity. In this study, based on large samples of French Manufacturing and Service firms, for the years 1984 and 1992, we consider the firm specific abilities in pursuing Research and Development activities and in using Information Technologies, characterizing them in terms of the firm detailed labor composition by occupation. We find that such abilities have significant positive effects on the firm productivity which go well beyond the more general skill related effects.
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Volume (Year): 48 (1997)
Issue (Month): 3 ()
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