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Qualification de la main-d'oeuvre et productivité du travail

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  • Patrick Sevestre

Abstract

[eng] Labour Qualification and Labour Productivity - Labour productivity within a firm, a sector or a nation's economy depends on the qualification of the labour force which is employed. The study of panel data permits to verify the connection between the two and specify its characteristics. On the average, the most productive firms employ more skilled labour, including a higher number of engineers, technicians, executives and sales people. These firms are also more capital-intensive. . To be more precise, the marginal productivity of executives and technicians seems to be much higher than that of unskilled labour. However, the connection between skill and productivity varies from one firm to the next: hence, the gain that a firm can expect from strengthening his executive and sales staff would be much higher if it used more capital-intensive technology and employed very highly skilled labour. [fre] La productivité du travail au sein d'une entreprise, d'un secteur, ou de l'ensemble d'une économie dépend de la qualification de la main-d'œuvre employée. L'étude de données individuelles d'entreprises permet de vérifier cette relation et de la préciser. Les entreprises les plus productives emploient, en moyenne, une main-d'œuvre plus qualifiée, comprenant davantage d'ingénieurs, de techniciens, de cadres administratifs et commerciaux. Ces entreprises sont aussi plus capitalistiques. . Plus précisément, la productivité marginale des cadres et techniciens apparaît très nettement supérieure à celle des personnels non qualifiés. Mais la liaison entre qualification et productivité varie d'une entreprise à l'autre : ainsi, le gain qu'une entreprise peut attendre d'un renforcement de son encadrement administratif et commercial est beaucoup plus marqué si elle met en œuvre une technologie capitalistique employant une main-d'œuvre déjà fortement qualifiée. [spa] Calificación de la mano de obra y productividad del trabajo - La productividad del trabajo en el seno de una empresa, de un sector, o en el conjunto de una economía dada, depende de la calificación de la mano de obra utilizada. El estudio de datos individuales de las empresas permite verificar esta relación y especificarla. Las empresas más productivas emplean, en promedio, una mano de obra más calificada que incluye un mayor número de ingénieras, de tecnicos, de ejecutivos de los sectores administrative y comercial. Estas empresan manejan un capital mucho mayor. . Para ser más preciso, la productividad marginal de los ejecutivos y tecnicos resulta netamente superior a la del personal no calificado. Pero la relación entre calificación y productividad varia de una empresa a otra. Es asi como los beneficios que una empresa determinada puede esperar de un refuerzo de la plantilla de ejecutivos administratives y comerciales seria mucho más acentuada si la misma implementase una tecnología de alto insumo que emplease a una mano de obra ya fuertemente calificada.

Suggested Citation

  • Patrick Sevestre, 1990. "Qualification de la main-d'oeuvre et productivité du travail," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 237(1), pages 109-120.
  • Handle: RePEc:prs:ecstat:estat_0336-1454_1990_num_237_1_5505
    DOI: 10.3406/estat.1990.5505
    Note: DOI:10.3406/estat.1990.5505
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    1. Gilbert Cette & Philippe Cuneo & Didier Eyssartier & Jérôme Gautié, 1996. "Coût du travail et emploi des jeunes," Revue de l'OFCE, Programme National Persée, vol. 56(1), pages 45-72.
    2. Didier Blanchet, 1994. "Allocation du capital et chômage technologique d'exclusion," Économie et Prévision, Programme National Persée, vol. 115(4), pages 75-84.
    3. Jacques Mairesse & Agnès Bensaid & Nathalie Greenan, 1997. "Informatisation, recherche et productivité," Revue Économique, Programme National Persée, vol. 48(3), pages 591-603.
    4. Yannick Carriou & François Jeger, 1997. "La formation continue dans les entreprises et son retour sur investissement," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 303(1), pages 45-58.
    5. Gilles Margirier, 2007. "Taille des entreprises et salaires," Économie et Prévision, Programme National Persée, vol. 180(4), pages 39-58.
    6. Brigitte Dormont, 1994. "Quelle est l'influence du coût du travail sur l'emploi ?," Revue Économique, Programme National Persée, vol. 45(3), pages 399-414.
    7. Jean-Pierre Huiban & Zouhaïr Bouhsina, 1997. "Innovation, qualité du facteur travail et efficacité productive," Revue Économique, Programme National Persée, vol. 48(3), pages 605-614.

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