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Technologies de l'information et de la communication : Approches économètriques sur le paradoxe de productivité

  • TESTE, Thierry

    ()

    (LATEC - CNRS - Université de Bourgogne)

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    D'un intérêt encore récent pour l'analyse économique, la diffusion des Technologies de l'Information et de la Communication (TIC) dans les économies modernes relance un débat déjà ancien sur les liens entre la croissance, la productivité et l'emploi. De nombreuses études empiriques sur l'impact de ces nouvelles technologies en terme de productivité, notamment de productivité du travail et de productivité totale des facteurs, débouchent sur des résultats ambigus. C'est ce que l'on appelle aujourd'hui le " paradoxe de productivité ". Le principal objectif du travail présenté ici est de donner une vue d'ensemble, d'une manière non exhaustive et modeste, sur les différentes approches économétriques qui analysent les conséquences du développement des TIC sur la productivité. La conclusion de ce travail nous inspire deux sortes de commentaires. Tout d'abord, les réponses apportées sur la question du décalage des résultats obtenus sur données micro-économiques de ceux obtenus sur données agrégées ne sont pas suffisantes. D'autres mécanismes, plus complexes, peuvent expliquer le paradoxe de productivité. Enfin, le domaine empirique reste pauvre et il existe encore beaucoup d'études à réaliser sur le thème des liens entre les TIC et la performance des entreprises.

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    Paper provided by LATEC, Laboratoire d'Analyse et des Techniques EConomiques, CNRS UMR 5118, Université de Bourgogne in its series LATEC - Document de travail - Economie (1991-2003) with number 1999-06.

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    Length: 11 pages
    Date of creation: May 1999
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:lat:lateco:1999-06
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    Web page: http://www.leg.u-bourgogne.fr/Email:


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    1. Greenman, N. & Mairesse, J., 1996. "Computers and Productivity in France: Some Evidence," Monash Econometrics and Business Statistics Working Papers 15/96, Monash University, Department of Econometrics and Business Statistics.
    2. repec:fth:inseep:9730 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. James D. Adams, 1997. "The Structure of Firm R&D and the Factor Intensity of Production," NBER Working Papers 6099, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    4. Zvi Griliches & Jacques Mairesse, 1995. "Production Functions: The Search for Identification," NBER Working Papers 5067, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    5. Frank R. Lichtenberg, 1993. "The Output Contributions of Computer Equipment and Personnel: A Firm- Level Analysis," NBER Working Papers 4540, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    6. Stephen D. Oliner & Daniel E. Sichel, 1994. "Computers and Output Growth Revisited: How Big Is the Puzzle?," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Economic Studies Program, The Brookings Institution, vol. 25(2), pages 273-334.
    7. Agnès Bensaid & Jacques Mairesse & Nathalie Greenan, 1997. "Informatisation, recherche et productivité," Revue Économique, Programme National Persée, vol. 48(3), pages 591-603.
    8. Donald Siegel, 1997. "The Impact Of Computers On Manufacturing Productivity Growth: A Multiple-Indicators, Multiple-Causes Approach," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 79(1), pages 68-78, February.
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