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Les facteurs qualitatifs de la productivité : un essai d'évaluation

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  • Jacques Mairesse
  • Mohamed Sassenou

Abstract

[spa] Los factores cualitativos de la productividad : un ensayo de evaluación, . por Jacques Mairesse, Mohamed Sassenou.. . Más allá de los factores de capital y de trabajo tal como se las mide habitualmente, el análisis pretende aprehender ciertos factores más cualitativos de la productividad de las empresas : la edad promedio de los equipos, la calificación del trabajo, la importancia del capital de investigación interna y la intensidad del capital sectorial de investigación. Teniendo en cuenta los problemas de modelización y de medición de las variables, las estimaciones obtenidas en una muestra en corte transversal de trescientas empresas industriales aproximadamente parecen satisfactorias, ya que son estadísticamente significativas y de un orden de magnitud razonable. [eng] Tentative estimates of qualitative factors of productivity, . by Jacques Mairesse, Mohamed Sassenou.. . Besides taking into account the two main production factors, i.e. capital and labour as usually measured, the present study is an attempt to assess the influence of some qualitative factors explaining the productivity of firms : the age of equipment, the labour force's qualification, the importance of their internal R-D capital stock and the R-D capital intensity of the industry. The estimates are performed on a cross section of about three hundred manufacturing firms ; in spite of specification and measurement problems, they seem satisfactory, being both statistically significant and of a reasonable order of magnitude. [fre] Les facteurs qualitatifs de la productivité : un essai d'évaluation, . par Jacques Mairesse, Mohamed Sassenou.. . Au-delà des facteurs de capital et de travail tels qu'ils sont mesurés habituellement, l'analyse cherche à appréhender certains facteurs plus qualitatifs de la productivité des entreprises : l'âge moyen des équipements, la qualification du travail, l'importance du capital de recherche interne et l'intensité du capital sectoriel de recherche. Compte tenu des problèmes de modélisation et de mesure des variables, les estimations obtenues sur un échantillon en coupe d'environ trois cents entreprises industrielles paraissent satisfaisantes. Elles sont statistiquement significatives et d'un ordre de grandeur raisonnable. [ger] Die qualitativen Faktoren der Ertragsfähigkeit : ein Schätzansatz, . von Jacques Mairesse, Mohamed Sassenou.. . Ausser den wie üblich gemessenen Faktoren wie Kapital und Arbeit versucht diese Analyse, gewisse, auf qualitative Aspekte stärker ausgenchtete Faktoren der betneblichen Ertragsfähigkeit zu erfassen : das Durchschnittsalter der Betriebsanlagen, die Arbeitsbewertung sowie die Höhe der innerbetrieblichen und sektoralen Forschungsaufwendungen. Unter Berücksichtigung der mit der Modellierung und Variablenmessung zusammenhängenden Probleme erscheinen die anhand einer Querschnittuntersuchung aus einer Stichprobe von ungefähr 300 Industriebetneben hervorgehenden Schätzungen zufriedenstellend. Sie sind von statistischer Relevanz und weisen eine angemessene Grössenordnung auf.

Suggested Citation

  • Jacques Mairesse & Mohamed Sassenou, 1989. "Les facteurs qualitatifs de la productivité : un essai d'évaluation," Économie et Prévision, Programme National Persée, vol. 91(5), pages 35-42.
  • Handle: RePEc:prs:ecoprv:ecop_0249-4744_1989_num_91_5_5137
    DOI: 10.3406/ecop.1989.5137
    Note: DOI:10.3406/ecop.1989.5137
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Zvi Griliches, 1998. "Comparing Productivity Growth: An Exploration of French and U.S. Industrial and Firm Data," NBER Chapters, in: R&D and Productivity: The Econometric Evidence, pages 157-186, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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    1. Mohamed Sassenou, 1992. "Économies de coûts dans les banques et les caisses d'épargne, impact de la taille et de la variété de produits," Revue Économique, Programme National Persée, vol. 43(2), pages 277-300.
    2. Hall, Bronwyn H. & Mairesse, Jacques, 1995. "Exploring the relationship between R&D and productivity in French manufacturing firms," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 65(1), pages 263-293, January.
    3. Jacques Mairesse & Mohamed Sassenou, 1991. "R&D Productivity: A Survey of Econometric Studies at the Firm Level," NBER Working Papers 3666, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    4. Hall, Bronwyn H. & Mairesse, Jacques & Mohnen, Pierre, 2010. "Measuring the Returns to R&D," Handbook of the Economics of Innovation, in: Bronwyn H. Hall & Nathan Rosenberg (ed.),Handbook of the Economics of Innovation, edition 1, volume 2, chapter 0, pages 1033-1082, Elsevier.
    5. Jacques Mairesse & Agnès Bensaid & Nathalie Greenan, 1997. "Informatisation, recherche et productivité," Revue Économique, Programme National Persée, vol. 48(3), pages 591-603.
    6. Andre Steenkamp & Mark Schaffer & Wayde Flowerday & John Goddard, 2018. "Innovation activity in South Africa: Measuring the returns to R&D," WIDER Working Paper Series 42, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
    7. Brigitte Dormont, 1994. "Quelle est l'influence du coût du travail sur l'emploi ?," Revue Économique, Programme National Persée, vol. 45(3), pages 399-414.
    8. Andre Steenkamp & Mark Schaffer & Wayde Flowerday & John Gabriel Goddard, 2018. "Innovation activity in South Africa: Measuring the returns to R&D," WIDER Working Paper Series wp-2018-42, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).

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