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Inégalités des chances sur le marché du travail : effets de l’origine sociale sur la mobilité professionnelle à Lima

Author

Listed:
  • Gerardo David Rosas Shady
  • Laure Pasquier-Doumer

Abstract

[fre] La société péruvienne, caractérisée par une répartition très inégalitaire des revenus, est-elle également une société injuste au regard du critère d’égalité des chances ? L’article s’interroge sur le rôle de l’origine sociale sur la mobilité occupationnelle des individus au cours de 5 ans de carrière. En effet, différents travaux suggèrent que l’origine sociale n’a pas un effet forcement décroissant au cours du cycle de vie et qu’elle peut continuer à influencer le déroulement de la carrière professionnelle, même après qu’elle ait exercé une influence sur l’éducation et le premier emploi. L’article cherche à tester si l’origine sociale est déterminante dans l’évolution de la carrière, même après avoir contrôlé ses effets sur les étapes antérieures du cycle de vie. [eng] Peruvian society is characterized by a highly unequal income distribution. But is it also an unfair society in terms of the equal-opportunity criterion ? Several studies have shown that social origin does not necessarily have a decreasing effect during the life cycle. For example , social origin can continue to influence a working career even after influencing education and the first job. The authors seek to answer this question by analyzing the effect of social origin on occupational mobility in Peru. They attempt to measure the impact of social background on occupational mobility after controlling for its effect on the prior stages of the life cycle.

Suggested Citation

  • Gerardo David Rosas Shady & Laure Pasquier-Doumer, 2008. "Inégalités des chances sur le marché du travail : effets de l’origine sociale sur la mobilité professionnelle à Lima," Économie et Prévision, Programme National Persée, vol. 186(5), pages 67-87.
  • Handle: RePEc:prs:ecoprv:ecop_0249-4744_2008_num_186_5_7853
    Note: DOI:10.3406/ecop.2008.7853
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Lam, David & Schoeni, Robert F, 1993. "Effects of Family Background on Earnings and Returns to Schooling: Evidence from Brazil," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 101(4), pages 710-740, August.
    2. Michael Hout & Harvey Rosen, 2000. "Self-Employment, Family Background, and Race," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 35(4), pages 670-692.
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    4. Gary S. Becker & Nigel Tomes, 1994. "Human Capital and the Rise and Fall of Families," NBER Chapters,in: Human Capital: A Theoretical and Empirical Analysis with Special Reference to Education, Third Edition, pages 257-298 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    5. George A. Akerlof, 1997. "Social Distance and Social Decisions," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 65(5), pages 1005-1028, September.
    6. Zimmerman, David J, 1992. "Regression toward Mediocrity in Economic Stature," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 82(3), pages 409-429, June.
    7. Piketty, Thomas, 1998. "Self-fulfilling beliefs about social status," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 70(1), pages 115-132, October.
    8. Robert Haveman & Barbara Wolfe, 1995. "The Determinants of Children's Attainments: A Review of Methods and Findings," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 33(4), pages 1829-1878, December.
    9. Jacoby, Hanan G, 1994. "Borrowing Constraints and Progress through School: Evidence from Peru," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 76(1), pages 151-160, February.
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