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Complémentarités des politiques d'indemnisation, chômage d'équilibre et bien-être

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  • Olivier L'Haridon

Abstract

[fre] Cet article a pour objet l'étude de l'impact croisé des réformes des allocations chômage dans le cadre d’un modèle d’appariement à destruction d’emploi exogène intégrant différents niveaux d’indemnisation. Les complémentarités entre trois instruments indépendants de politique de l'emploi sont envisagés : deux instruments portant sur les montants associés aux deux paliers d'indemnisation et un instrument portant sur la durée moyenne de versement de l'indemnisation la plus forte. L’étude des complémentarités entre les politiques d'indemnisation suggère que celles-ci dépendent des instruments couplés. La prise en compte explicite du financement de la dépense pour l’emploi entraîne par ailleurs des effets non négligeables en termes de bien-être. L'introduction d'un salaire minimum dans l'analyse modifie profondément les conclusions du modèle, notamment en termes de bien-être. [eng] Complementary Features of Allowance Policies, Equilibrium Unemployment and Welfare.. The aim of this article is to examine the cross impact of unemployment allowance reforms within the framework of a matching exogenous employment destruction model structured to factor in different allowance levels. It considers the complementary features of three independent instruments of employment policy : two instruments for the amounts associated with the two allowance brackets and one instrument for the average period over which the highest allowance is paid. Analysis of the complementary features of allowance policies suggests that these depend on matched instruments. The explicit inclusion of the cost of promoting employment has a significant impact on welfare. Introduction of a minimum wage in the analysis radically changes the conclusion of the model, particularly in terms of welfare.

Suggested Citation

  • Olivier L'Haridon, 2002. "Complémentarités des politiques d'indemnisation, chômage d'équilibre et bien-être," Économie et Prévision, Programme National Persée, vol. 155(4), pages 61-78.
  • Handle: RePEc:prs:ecoprv:ecop_0249-4744_2002_num_155_4_6870
    Note: DOI:10.3406/ecop.2002.6870
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Christopher A. Pissarides, 2000. "Equilibrium Unemployment Theory, 2nd Edition," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 0262161877, January.
    2. Carling, Kenneth & Holmlund, Bertil & Vejsiu, Altin, 2001. "Do Benefit Cuts Boost Job Finding? Swedish Evidence from the 1990s," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 111(474), pages 766-790, October.
    3. Fredriksson, Peter & Holmlund, Bertil, 2001. "Optimal Unemployment Insurance in Search Equilibrium," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 19(2), pages 370-399, April.
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    5. David T. Coe & Dennis J. Snower, 1997. "Policy Complementarities: The Case for Fundamental Labor Market Reform," IMF Staff Papers, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 44(1), pages 1-35, March.
    6. Layard, Richard & Nickell, Stephen & Jackman, Richard, 2005. "Unemployment: Macroeconomic Performance and the Labour Market," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780199279173.
    7. Atkinson, Anthony B & Micklewright, John, 1991. "Unemployment Compensation and Labor Market Transitions: A Critical Review," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 29(4), pages 1679-1727, December.
    8. Christopher A. Pissarides, 1992. "Loss of Skill During Unemployment and the Persistence of Employment Shocks," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 107(4), pages 1371-1391.
    9. Cahuc, Pierre & Lehmann, Etienne, 2000. "Should unemployment benefits decrease with the unemployment spell?," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 77(1), pages 135-153, July.
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