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The ownership structure contingency in the sequential international entry mode decision process: Family owners and institutional investors in family-dominant versus family-influenced firms

Author

Listed:
  • Kai Xu

    (The University of Texas at San Antonio)

  • Michael A. Hitt

    (Texas A&M University
    Texas Christian University)

  • Stewart R. Miller

    (The University of Texas at San Antonio)

Abstract

Extending our understanding of family firms and international business research with respect to entry mode decisions, this study explains how entry mode choice is the product of a sequential decision-making process, with an important ownership structure contingency. We propose that firms with a dominant family owner (family-dominant firms) prefer low equity ownership as their entry mode for the purpose of preserving their socioemotional wealth. Their preference is persistent even when the institutional investors are the dominant shareholders in the firm (family-influenced firms). This nuanced examination of the role family values play in the entry mode decision extends our understanding of how family firms enter international markets.

Suggested Citation

  • Kai Xu & Michael A. Hitt & Stewart R. Miller, 2020. "The ownership structure contingency in the sequential international entry mode decision process: Family owners and institutional investors in family-dominant versus family-influenced firms," Journal of International Business Studies, Palgrave Macmillan;Academy of International Business, vol. 51(2), pages 151-171, March.
  • Handle: RePEc:pal:jintbs:v:51:y:2020:i:2:d:10.1057_s41267-019-00250-8
    DOI: 10.1057/s41267-019-00250-8
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