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Child Care and Female Decisions

Author

Listed:
  • Stephen Whelan

    () (University of Sydney)

  • Anu Rammohan

    (University of Sydney)

Abstract

The extent to which maternal employment is influenced by the affordability of child care is the subject of empirical ambiguity in Australian studies. We contribute to this debate by examining the relationship between maternal employment decisions and child care costs using the HILDA (Household Income and Labour Dynamics in Australia) dataset. Our analysis finds that the use of child care for both employment and non-employment purposes is extensive in Australia. A key result of our analysis is that for married mothers the cost of child care is relatively unimportant in both the decision to participate in the labour market, and, given the decision to work, the number of hours worked.

Suggested Citation

  • Stephen Whelan & Anu Rammohan, 2005. "Child Care and Female Decisions," Australian Journal of Labour Economics (AJLE), Bankwest Curtin Economics Centre (BCEC), Curtin Business School, vol. 8(2), pages 203-225, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:ozl:journl:v:8:y:2005:i:2:p:203-225
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Robert Breunig & Xiaodong Gong & Anthony King, 2012. "Partnered Women's Labour Supply and Child‐Care Costs in Australia: Measurement Error and the Child‐Care Price," The Economic Record, The Economic Society of Australia, vol. 88(s1), pages 51-69, June.
    2. Anu Rammohan & Stephen Whelan, 2006. "Child Care Costs and the Employment Status of Married Australian Mothers," CEPR Discussion Papers 517, Centre for Economic Policy Research, Research School of Economics, Australian National University.
    3. Xiaodong Gong & Robert Breunig, 2012. "Estimating net chid care price elasticities of partnered women with pre-school children using a discrete structural labour supply-child care model," Treasury Working Papers 2012-01, The Treasury, Australian Government, revised Nov 2012.
    4. Xiaodong Gong & Robert Breunig & Anthony King, 2010. "New estimates of the relationship between female labour supply and the cost, availability, and quality of child care," Economic Roundup, The Treasury, Australian Government, issue 1, pages 51-62, April.
    5. Robert Breunig & Joseph Mercante, 2010. "The Accuracy of Predicted Wages of the Non-Employed and Implications for Policy Simulations from Structural Labour Supply Models," The Economic Record, The Economic Society of Australia, vol. 86(272), pages 49-70, March.
    6. Chikako Yamauchi, 2010. "The availability of child care centers, perceived search costs and parental life satisfaction," Review of Economics of the Household, Springer, vol. 8(2), pages 231-253, June.
    7. Ian Davidoff, 2007. "Evidence on the child care market," Economic Roundup, The Treasury, Australian Government, issue 1, pages 67-81, February.
    8. Ross Guest & Nick Parr, 2013. "Family policy and couples’ labour supply: an empirical assessment," Journal of Population Economics, Springer;European Society for Population Economics, vol. 26(4), pages 1631-1660, October.
    9. Xiaodong Gong & Robert Breuing, 2011. "Estimating Net Child Care Price Elasticities of Partnered Women With Pre-School Children Using a Discrete Structural Labour Supply-Child Care Model," CEPR Discussion Papers 653, Centre for Economic Policy Research, Research School of Economics, Australian National University.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Household Production and Intrahousehold Allocation Marriage; Marital Dissolution; Family Structure Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination;

    JEL classification:

    • D13 - Microeconomics - - Household Behavior - - - Household Production and Intrahouse Allocation
    • J12 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Marriage; Marital Dissolution; Family Structure
    • J13 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth
    • J16 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination

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