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Real exchange rate and elasticity of labour supply in a balance-of-payments-constrained macrodynamics

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  • Gabriel Porcile
  • Gilberto Tadeu Lima

Abstract

A macrodynamic model is proposed in which the real exchange rate and the elasticity of labour supply interact defining different trajectories of growth and income distribution in a developing economy. Growth depends on imports of capital goods which are paid with exports (there are no capital flows) and hence is constrained by equilibrium in current account. The role of the elasticity of labour supply is to prevent the real exchange rate from appreciating as the economy grows, thereby sustaining international competitiveness. The model allows for endogenous technological change and considers the impact of migration from the subsistence to the modern sector on the cumulative (Kaldor-Verdoorn) process of learning. Copyright The Author 2009. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Cambridge Political Economy Society. All rights reserved., Oxford University Press.

Suggested Citation

  • Gabriel Porcile & Gilberto Tadeu Lima, 2010. "Real exchange rate and elasticity of labour supply in a balance-of-payments-constrained macrodynamics," Cambridge Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 34(6), pages 1019-1039.
  • Handle: RePEc:oup:cambje:v:34:y:2010:i:6:p:1019-1039
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    File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10.1093/cje/bep065
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    11. Anthony P. Thirlwall, 2011. "The Balance of Payments Constraint as an Explanation of International Growth Rate Differences," PSL Quarterly Review, Economia civile, vol. 64(259), pages 429-438.
    12. Prebisch, Raúl, 1950. "The economic development of Latin America and its principal problems," Sede de la CEPAL en Santiago (Estudios e Investigaciones) 29973, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL).
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    16. Juan Carlos Moreno-Brid & Esteban Pérez, 1999. "Balance-of-Payments-Constrained Growth in Central America: 1950–96," Journal of Post Keynesian Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 22(1), pages 131-147, September.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Márquez-Velázquez, Alejandro, 2016. "Growth impacts of the exchange rate and technology," Discussion Papers 2016/19, Free University Berlin, School of Business & Economics.
    2. Martín Rapetti, 2013. "The Real Exchange Rate and Economic Growth: Some Observations on the Possible Channels," UMASS Amherst Economics Working Papers 2013-11, University of Massachusetts Amherst, Department of Economics.
    3. Martín Rapetti & Peter Skott & Arslan Razmi, 2012. "The real exchange rate and economic growth: are developing countries different?," International Review of Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 26(6), pages 735-753, April.
    4. Rapetti Martin, 2013. "Macroeconomic Policy Coordination in a Competitive Real Exchange Rate Strategy for Development," Journal of Globalization and Development, De Gruyter, vol. 3(2), pages 1-31, March.
    5. Araujo, Ricardo Azevedo, 2011. "New insights from a structural economic dynamic approach to balance of payments constrained growth," MPRA Paper 30332, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    6. Rafael Saulo Marques Ribeiro & John S.L. McCombie & Gilberto Tadeu Lima, 2017. "A reconciliation proposal of demand-driven growth models in open economies," Journal of Economic Studies, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 44(2), pages 226-244, May.
    7. Mark Setterfield, 2013. "Exploring the supply side of Kaldorian growth models," Review of Keynesian Economics, Edward Elgar Publishing, vol. 1(1), pages 22-36, January.
    8. Gilberto Lima & Gabriel Porcile, 2013. "Economic growth and income distribution with heterogeneous preferences on the real exchange rate," Journal of Post Keynesian Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 35(4), pages 651-674.
    9. repec:eee:streco:v:42:y:2017:i:c:p:67-75 is not listed on IDEAS
    10. Razmi, Arslan & Rapetti, Martin & Skott, Peter, 2012. "The real exchange rate and economic development," Structural Change and Economic Dynamics, Elsevier, vol. 23(2), pages 151-169.
    11. Works, Richard Floyd, 2016. "Econometric modeling of exchange rate determinants by market classification: An empirical analysis of Japan and South Korea using the sticky-price monetary theory," MPRA Paper 76382, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    12. Porcile, Gabriel & de Souza, Alexandre Gomes & Viana, Ricardo, 2011. "External debt sustainability and policy rules in a small globalized economy," Structural Change and Economic Dynamics, Elsevier, vol. 22(3), pages 269-276, September.
    13. repec:bla:metroe:v:68:y:2017:i:4:p:792-815 is not listed on IDEAS
    14. Mario Cimoli & Gabriel Porcile, 2014. "Technology, structural change and BOP-constrained growth: a structuralist toolbox," Cambridge Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 38(1), pages 215-237.
    15. Bonatti, Luigi & Fracasso, Andrea, 2013. "Regime switches in the Sino-American co-dependency: Growth and structural change in China," Structural Change and Economic Dynamics, Elsevier, vol. 25(C), pages 1-32.
    16. Dai Pham & Sarath Delpachitra, 2014. "Does Real Exchange Rate Depreciation Boost Capital Accumulation? An Intertemporal Analysis," Australian Economic Papers, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 53(3-4), pages 230-244, December.
    17. Antonio Soares Martins Neto & Gilberto Tadeu Lima, 2017. "Competitive Exchange Rate and Public Infrastructure in a Macrodynamic of Economic Growth," Metroeconomica, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 68(4), pages 792-815, November.
    18. repec:wsi:serxxx:v:62:y:2017:i:01:n:s0217590816500168 is not listed on IDEAS
    19. Peter Skott & Martin Rapetti & Arslan Razmi, 2012. "Real exchange rates and the long-run effects of aggregate demand in economies with underemployment," UMASS Amherst Economics Working Papers 2012-06, University of Massachusetts Amherst, Department of Economics.
    20. Arslan Razmi, 2013. "Correctly Analyzing the Balance of Payments Constraint on Growth," UMASS Amherst Economics Working Papers 2013-12, University of Massachusetts Amherst, Department of Economics.

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