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Cities Vs The Countryside €“ Pros And Cons Of Urban And Rural Life

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  • KOVÁCS Edit Veronika

    (Institute of Rural Development, Regional Economy and Tourism Management, Faculty of Economics and Business, University of Debrecen, Debrecen, Hungary)

  • HARANGI-RÁKOS Mónika

    (Institute of Rural Development, Regional Economy and Tourism Management, Faculty of Economics and Business, University of Debrecen, Debrecen, Hungary)

Abstract

Urban and rural life have traditionally been interpreted in opposition to each other. This perspective is based on the fact that urban and rural areas are home to different types of people who lead a different way of life, and in general, the characteristics of their lives show significant differences. Consequently, it can be clearly seen that the classical urban-rural division has become fundamentally obsolete nowadays, the functions are mixed, it is becoming less and less possible to meet a purely urban or purely rural way of life. With the appearance of new social classes, services for the needs of the middle class or the upper middle class will also be introduced in these settlements. In practice, this means that, regardless of the size and location of the settlement, different services can be provided if there is a realistic solvent demand for them in a given community. This also well predicts the development potential of rural settlements, as it turns out that the composition, needs and financial opportunities of inhabitants also have an impact. However, the effect outlined above is bidirectional, i.e. it also works in the opposite direction to that outlined. The fact that urban areas typically have better economic, labor market and public service situation than villages can definitely be characterised as an advantage of urban life. Companies capable of producing high added value typically settle in cities, which is partly explained by the fact that these settlements have a complex, multi-level education system that is able to serve the needs of employers more efficiently and effectively. The presence of better jobs generally also allows for the availability of higher average incomes, which acts as a strong motivator for initiating both external and internal migration. The disadvantages of cities are crowdedness, alienation and poor air quality. In the case of rural settlements and villages, several advantageous features can be mentioned, including the much more reasonable settlement size, community cohesion, and generally better environmental conditions. Greater personal space can also be tempting for many. The negative characteristics, however, are the weak local economy, the lack of jobs and, in general, the lack of opportunities.

Suggested Citation

  • KOVÁCS Edit Veronika & HARANGI-RÁKOS Mónika, 2020. "Cities Vs The Countryside €“ Pros And Cons Of Urban And Rural Life," Annals of Faculty of Economics, University of Oradea, Faculty of Economics, vol. 1(1), pages 530-539, July.
  • Handle: RePEc:ora:journl:v:1:y:2020:i:1:p:530-539
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    urbanisation; rural development; households; lifestyle;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • Q56 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environment and Development; Environment and Trade; Sustainability; Environmental Accounts and Accounting; Environmental Equity; Population Growth
    • R11 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Regional Economic Activity: Growth, Development, Environmental Issues, and Changes
    • R23 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Household Analysis - - - Regional Migration; Regional Labor Markets; Population

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