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Corporate Governance, Managers' Independence, Exporting, and Performance of Firms in Transition Economies

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  • Igor Filatotchev
  • Natalia Isachenkova
  • Tomasz Mickiewicz

Abstract

Using data on 157 large companies in Poland and Hungary, this paper employs Bayesian structural equation modeling to examine the relations among corporate governance, managers' independence from owners in terms of strategic decision making, exporting, and performance. Managers' independence is positively associated with firms' financial performance and exporting. In turn, the extent of managers' independence is negatively associated with ownership concentration, but positively associated with the percentage of foreign directors on the firm's board. We interpret these results as indicating that concentrated owners tend to constrain managerial autonomy at the cost of the firm's internationalization and performance, but board participation of foreign stakeholders enhances the firm's export orientation and performance by encouraging executives' decision-making autonomy.

Suggested Citation

  • Igor Filatotchev & Natalia Isachenkova & Tomasz Mickiewicz, 2007. "Corporate Governance, Managers' Independence, Exporting, and Performance of Firms in Transition Economies," Emerging Markets Finance and Trade, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 43(5), pages 62-77, October.
  • Handle: RePEc:mes:emfitr:v:43:y:2007:i:5:p:62-77
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Alvaro, Cuervo-Cazurra, 2011. "Selecting the country in which to start internationalization: The non-sequential internationalization model," Journal of World Business, Elsevier, vol. 46(4), pages 426-437, October.
    2. Son Le & Mark Kroll & Bruce Walters, 2010. "The impact of institutional changes on corporate governance mechanisms in transition economies," Journal of Management & Governance, Springer;Accademia Italiana di Economia Aziendale (AIDEA), vol. 14(2), pages 91-114, May.
    3. Tomasz Mickiewicz, 2009. "Hierarchy of governance institutions and the pecking order of privatisation: Central-Eastern Europe and Central Asia reconsidered," Post-Communist Economies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 21(4), pages 399-423.
    4. Félix J. López Iturriaga & Vicente Lima Crisóstomo, 2010. "Do Leverage, Dividend Payout, and Ownership Concentration Influence Firms' Value Creation? An Analysis of Brazilian Firms," Emerging Markets Finance and Trade, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 46(3), pages 80-94, May.
    5. Feng-Li Lin & Hai-Ling Lin, 2013. "Ultimate Controller Ownership and Firm Value in Taiwan," Emerging Markets Finance and Trade, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 49(1), pages 68-81, January.
    6. repec:kap:asiapa:v:34:y:2017:i:2:d:10.1007_s10490-016-9477-9 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. Chen Chun-Yuan, 2016. "D&O Insurance, Corporate Governance and Mandatory Disclosure: An Empirical Legal Study of Taiwan," Asian Journal of Law and Economics, De Gruyter, vol. 7(1), pages 19-62, April.
    8. Dorota Dobija, 2015. "Exploring audit committee practices: oversight of financial reporting and external auditors in Poland," Journal of Management & Governance, Springer;Accademia Italiana di Economia Aziendale (AIDEA), vol. 19(1), pages 113-143, February.
    9. Nisan Selekler-Gökþen & Özlem Yýldýrým-Öktem, 2008. "The Impact Of Board Characteristics On The Internationalization Of Business Group Affiliates," Bogazici Journal, Review of Social, Economic and Administrative Studies, Bogazici University, Department of Economics, vol. 22(1+2), pages 53-71.
    10. Byungmo Kim, 2011. "Do Foreign Investors Encourage Value-Enhancing Corporate Risk Taking?," Emerging Markets Finance and Trade, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 47(3), pages 88-110, May.
    11. Bersant Hobdari & Aleksandra Gregoric & Evis Sinani, 2011. "The role of firm ownership on internationalization: evidence from two transition economies," Journal of Management & Governance, Springer;Accademia Italiana di Economia Aziendale (AIDEA), vol. 15(3), pages 393-413, August.
    12. repec:spr:manint:v:49:y:2009:i:4:d:10.1007_s11575-009-0005-8 is not listed on IDEAS
    13. Ching-Chieh Tsai & Chi-Cheng Wu & Ruey-Dang Chang, 2012. "Effects of Overvalued Equity and Managerial Incentives on Corporate Policy," Emerging Markets Finance and Trade, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 48(0), pages 74-87, January.
    14. Ching-Chieh Tsai & Chi-Cheng Wu & Ruey-Dang Chang, 2012. "Effects of Overvalued Equity and Managerial Incentives on Corporate Policy," Emerging Markets Finance and Trade, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 48(0), pages 74-87, January.
    15. Hopkins, Lucas & Ferguson, Keith E., 2014. "Looking forward: The role of multiple regression in family business research," Journal of Family Business Strategy, Elsevier, vol. 5(1), pages 52-62.
    16. Marina Tkalec & Maruska Vizek, 2014. "Real estate boom and export performance bust in Croatia," Zbornik radova Ekonomskog fakulteta u Rijeci/Proceedings of Rijeka Faculty of Economics, University of Rijeka, Faculty of Economics, vol. 32(1), pages 11-34.
    17. Byungmo Kim, 2011. "Do Foreign Investors Encourage Value-Enhancing Corporate Risk Taking?," Emerging Markets Finance and Trade, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 47(3), pages 88-110, May.
    18. Feng-Li Lin & Hai-Ling Lin, 2013. "Ultimate Controller Ownership and Firm Value in Taiwan," Emerging Markets Finance and Trade, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 49(1), pages 68-81, January.
    19. Calabrò, Andrea & Torchia, Mariateresa & Pukall, Thilo & Mussolino, Donata, 2013. "The influence of ownership structure and board strategic involvement on international sales: The moderating effect of family involvement," International Business Review, Elsevier, vol. 22(3), pages 509-523.
    20. Félix J. López Iturriaga & Vicente Lima Crisóstomo, 2010. "Do Leverage, Dividend Payout, and Ownership Concentration Influence Firms' Value Creation? An Analysis of Brazilian Firms," Emerging Markets Finance and Trade, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 46(3), pages 80-94, May.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    corporate governance; exporting; performance; strategic independence;

    JEL classification:

    • G32 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Financing Policy; Financial Risk and Risk Management; Capital and Ownership Structure; Value of Firms; Goodwill
    • G34 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Mergers; Acquisitions; Restructuring; Corporate Governance
    • L21 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - Business Objectives of the Firm
    • L22 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - Firm Organization and Market Structure
    • L25 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - Firm Performance
    • P31 - Economic Systems - - Socialist Institutions and Their Transitions - - - Socialist Enterprises and Their Transitions

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