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The Empirical Linkage between Oil Prices and the Stock Returns of Oil Companies

Author

Listed:
  • Josef Pavlata

    (Mendel University in Brno, Czech Republic)

  • Petr Strejček

    (Mendel University in Brno, Czech Republic)

  • Peter Albrecht

    (Mendel University in Brno, Czech Republic)

  • Martin Širůček

    (Mendel University in Brno, Czech Republic)

Abstract

This paper identifies the relationship between changes in oil prices and the returns of the world's highest-producing oil companies. Oil companies are divided into state-owned (national) and private companies. This paper focused on three different time periods to identify the relationship between changes in oil price and stock market returns by examining the specific backgrounds of each period. The results revealed that during oil's bearish market, it was more beneficial for investors to prefer state-owned companies to optimise their portfolios. The risk analysis focused on systematic risk, and the beta coefficients confirmed that state-owned companies are less sensitive to market shocks. State-owned companies are supported by governments during periods of downtrends in oil prices; therefore, they are less likely to go bankrupt. However, these companies do not have as much flexibility as private companies to cut their costs; therefore, they are more negatively affected by market movements not defined by shocks.

Suggested Citation

  • Josef Pavlata & Petr Strejček & Peter Albrecht & Martin Širůček, 2021. "The Empirical Linkage between Oil Prices and the Stock Returns of Oil Companies," European Journal of Business Science and Technology, Mendel University in Brno, Faculty of Business and Economics, vol. 7(2), pages 186-197.
  • Handle: RePEc:men:journl:v:7:y:2021:i:2:p:186-197
    DOI: 10.11118/ejobsat.2021.016
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    oil shock; stock markets; state-owned companies;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • G12 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Asset Pricing; Trading Volume; Bond Interest Rates
    • G15 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - International Financial Markets
    • Q02 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - General - - - Commodity Market

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