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IMF Stabilization Programs, Policy Conduct and Macroeconomic Outcomes: A Case Study of Pakistan

  • Nawaz A. Hakro


    (Assistant Professor Economics, Quaid-e-Azam University, Islamabad, Pakistan.)

  • Wadho Waqar Ahmed


    (Management Officer, Bank Alfalah Limited, Pakistan.)

This study is designed to assess the macroeconomic performance of fund-supported programs, and the sequencing and ordering of macroeconomic policies in the context of the Pakistan economy. The generalized evaluation estimator technique has been used to assess the macroeconomic impacts of the IMF supported programs. GDP growth, inflation rate, current account balance, fiscal balance and unemployment are used as the target variables in order to gauge economic performance during the program years. The vector of policy variables (that might have been adopted in the absence of programs) and the vector of foreign exogenous variables are also taken asexplanatory variables in the model, so that the individual effect of the IMF supported programs could be assessed. The result suggests that asthe IMF prescriptions were applied, the current account balance has worsened, the unemployment rate has significantly increased, and the inflation rate has increased during the years of fund-supported programs. Onlythe budget balance has shown signs of improvement. Furthermore an inadequate sequencing of reforms has contributed to the further worsening of the economic scenario during the program period.

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Article provided by Department of Economics, The Lahore School of Economics in its journal Lahore Journal of Economics.

Volume (Year): 11 (2006)
Issue (Month): 1 (Jan-Jun)
Pages: 35-62

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Handle: RePEc:lje:journl:v:11:y:2006:i:1:p:35-62
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