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A szolgáltatási szektor és a gazdasági fejlődés
[The service sector and economic development]

  • Szalavetz, Andrea


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    A tanulmány kiinduló megállapítása, hogy nem csupán a szolgáltatásgazdaság súlya növekedett meg a fejlett országok makrogazdasági szerkezetében a korábbiaknál is erőteljesebben, hanem - s ez még nagyobb jelentőségű - felgyorsult a szolgáltatási szektor belső szerkezetátalakulása is. A szektor új jellemzői részben ezzel a belső szerkezetátalakulással magyarázhatók. A szolgáltatások számbavételi problémái miatt a szektor termelékenységre gyakorolt hatását közvetett módszerekkel is érdemes megközelíteni. A cikk a hagyományos munka- és teljestényező-termelékenység mutatóit a tényezőigényesség mutatóival egészíti ki, és amellett érvel, hogy ennek a - belső összetételében, tényezőigényességi mutatóiban és gazdasági szerepében gyorsan változó - szektornak a termelékenységre gyakorolt hatása is megváltozott. A szerző a szerkezetátalakulást a szolgáltatások iránti kereslet változása szemszögéből igyekszik megvilágítani. A szolgáltatások iránti teljes keresletet összetevőire bontva (köztes felhasználás, végső felhasználás, beruházás és export) bemutatja, hogy a kereslet szerkezete eltolódott a végső felhasználástól a köztes felhasználás és a beruházások felé. Journal of Economic Literature (JEL) kód: O1, O33.

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    Article provided by Közgazdasági Szemle Alapítvány (Economic Review Foundation) in its journal Közgazdasági Szemle (Economic Review - monthly of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences).

    Volume (Year): LV (2008)
    Issue (Month): 6 ()
    Pages: 503-521

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    Handle: RePEc:ksa:szemle:1001
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    Order Information: Postal: Közgazdasági Szemle Alapítvány (Economic Review Foundation) Budapest, Budaörsi út 45., 1112, Hungary
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