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Electoral equilibria with restricted strategies

  • Larry Samuelson
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    We construct a spatial election model in which candidates inherit initial positions in the strategy space, presumably from previous political activity, and they are restricted to strategies close to their initial positions. We establish sufficient conditions for the existence of an equilibrium. The equilibrium need not entail an expectation of a zero plurality for each candidate. We then apply this model to a sequence of elections in which a series of opposition candidates challenge incumbents. Given certain regularity conditions, the result will be an apparent incumbency advantage, corresponding to that observed in recent congressional elections. Copyright Martinus Nijhoff Publishers 1984

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    File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10.1007/BF00118939
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    Article provided by Springer in its journal Public Choice.

    Volume (Year): 43 (1984)
    Issue (Month): 3 (January)
    Pages: 307-327

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    Handle: RePEc:kap:pubcho:v:43:y:1984:i:3:p:307-327
    Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.springerlink.com/link.asp?id=100332

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    1. Kramer, Gerald H & Klevorick, Alvin K, 1974. "Existence of a 'Local' Co-operative Equilibrium in a Class of Voting Games," Review of Economic Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 41(4), pages 539-47, October.
    2. Intriligator, Michael D, 1973. "A Probabilistic Model of Social Choice," Review of Economic Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 40(4), pages 553-60, October.
    3. Steven Matthews, 1979. "A simple direction model of electoral competition," Public Choice, Springer, vol. 34(2), pages 141-156, June.
    4. Melvin Hinich & Peter Ordeshook, 1969. "Abstentions and equilibrium in the electoral process," Public Choice, Springer, vol. 7(1), pages 81-106, September.
    5. Denzau, Arthur T & Kats, Amoz, 1977. "Expected Plurality Voting Equilibrium and Social Choice Functions," Review of Economic Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 44(2), pages 277-33, June.
    6. Hinich, Melvin J., 1977. "Equilibrium in spatial voting: The median voter result is an artifact," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 16(2), pages 208-219, December.
    7. McKelvey, Richard D, 1975. "Policy Related Voting and Electoral Equilibrium," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 43(5-6), pages 815-43, Sept.-Nov.
    8. Cohen, Linda & Matthews, Steven A, 1980. "Constrained Plott Equilibria, Directional Equilibria and Global Cycling Sets," Review of Economic Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 47(5), pages 975-86, October.
    9. Coughlin, Peter & Nitzan, Shmuel, 1981. "Directional and local electoral equilibria with probabilistic voting," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 24(2), pages 226-239, April.
    10. Coughlin, Peter & Nitzan, Shmuel, 1981. "Electoral outcomes with probabilistic voting and Nash social welfare maxima," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 15(1), pages 113-121, February.
    11. Hinich, Melvin J. & Ledyard, John O. & Ordeshook, Peter C., 1972. "Nonvoting and the existence of equilibrium under majority rule," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 4(2), pages 144-153, April.
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