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Bank Capital, Liquidity Creation and Deposit Insurance

Author

Listed:
  • Zuzana Fungáčová

    () (Bank of Finland—Institute for Economies in Transition (BOFIT)
    IES, Charles University)

  • Laurent Weill

    () (University of Strasbourg and Bank of Finland)

  • Mingming Zhou

    () (University of Colorado at Colorado Springs)

Abstract

Abstract This paper examines how the introduction of deposit insurance influences the relationship between bank capital and liquidity creation. As discussed by Berger and Bouwman (Rev Financ Stud 22:3779–3837, 2009), there are two competing hypotheses on this relationship which can be influenced by the presence of deposit insurance. The introduction of a deposit insurance scheme in an emerging market, Russia, provides a natural experiment to empirically investigate this issue. We use the difference-in-difference approach on a large dataset of all Russian banks. Our findings suggest that the introduction of the deposit insurance scheme has different effects on the relationship between capital and bank liquidity creation across different types of banks. It is those banks characterized by relatively high household deposit ratios that are most affected by the introduction of deposit insurance program. For these banks, deposit insurance reduces the impact of capital on liquidity creation. These findings have important policy implications as they suggest that deposit insurance and capital requirements should not be considered separately by bank regulators.

Suggested Citation

  • Zuzana Fungáčová & Laurent Weill & Mingming Zhou, 2017. "Bank Capital, Liquidity Creation and Deposit Insurance," Journal of Financial Services Research, Springer;Western Finance Association, vol. 51(1), pages 97-123, February.
  • Handle: RePEc:kap:jfsres:v:51:y:2017:i:1:d:10.1007_s10693-016-0240-7
    DOI: 10.1007/s10693-016-0240-7
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Allen N. Berger & Christa H. S. Bouwman, 2009. "Bank Liquidity Creation," Review of Financial Studies, Society for Financial Studies, vol. 22(9), pages 3779-3837, September.
    2. Repullo, Rafael, 2004. "Capital requirements, market power, and risk-taking in banking," Journal of Financial Intermediation, Elsevier, vol. 13(2), pages 156-182, April.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Chen, Ting-Hsuan & Chou, Hsiu-Hsia & Chang, Yuan & Fang, Hao, 2015. "The effect of excess lending on bank liquidity : Evidence from China," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 36(C), pages 54-68.
    2. Davydov, Denis & Fungáčová, Zuzana & Weill, Laurent, 2017. "Cyclicality of bank liquidity creation," BOFIT Discussion Papers 5/2017, Bank of Finland, Institute for Economies in Transition.
    3. Distinguin, Isabelle & Roulet, Caroline & Tarazi, Amine, 2013. "Bank regulatory capital and liquidity: Evidence from US and European publicly traded banks," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 37(9), pages 3295-3317.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Bank capital; Liquidity creation; Deposit insurance; Russia;

    JEL classification:

    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • G28 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Government Policy and Regulation
    • G38 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Government Policy and Regulation
    • P30 - Economic Systems - - Socialist Institutions and Their Transitions - - - General
    • P50 - Economic Systems - - Comparative Economic Systems - - - General

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